And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go. Consequently the people of Israel continue to multiply and grow in numbers. God then acknowledges the fact that there were Egyptians in the group who were not children of Israel and he instructs how they can be counted as Israel. The midwives however ‘feared God’. In order give a full and concise answer as to what led God to such an act then we are going to have to go back to long before the event in question. 7And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. This now being the 3rd time that Pharaoh had stated his intention to release the Hebrews.But even so he again recanted once the plague was stayed. Being Pharoah disguises them from all of Noah's family, Noah died year 2006. The Egyptians were unable to drink from the water for 7 days, showing Hapis inability to restore the water. So Moses goes to the new Pharaoh and tells him that the God of Israel has asked that he let his people go. Jochebed will be paid for taking care of her own baby! And the pain that Pharaoh caused those families. If they respond truthfully Pharaoh will probably kill them and make sure the baby sons are killed. How can we reconcile a God who claims to be love with a God that administers punishment through the death of innocent people and children. He was sold by his brothers into slavery as they were jealous of him as Israel their father loved Joseph the most. Finally it is just left to see if it is at all possible to work out just how many children were actually killed during this last plague.Â When faced with the statement all the firstborns it’s easy to conjure up images of the millions and millions of children throughout the world today, but that would be an inaccurate image. Biblical narrative. Pharaoh decided that in order to keep the children of Israel under his control he would order the midwives who attended to the births of the Hebrews (children of Israel) to kill all of the baby boys. God throughout the bible bestows the moral code that people live by back upon them to show the rights and wrongs of the moral code that they live by. They show great courage and refuse to do his dirty work of killing innocent children. Again Moses is told to ask the Pharaoh to let the people go and warn him of the judgement that would happen if he didn’t. The same kind of situation manifested itself about the time Jesus as born. Pharaoh Seti, or also spelled Sethi (in 'The 10 Commandments' with Charlton Henston), was the pharaoh when Moses was born. The golden rule of reciprocity, do unto others as you would have them do unto you. Mosesâ mother hid her baby until he was three months old, because she didnât want him to be killed by the Egyptians. He expected them to return and continue on as slaves. She took a basket and fixed it so that no water would leak in. And thus ensued a battle between God and the gods of the Egyptians. We cannot simply hide from the story or deny it, it is there for everyone to see clearly depicted in the bible. As this was only first borns and the average family would have been 4 children it is likely that that the first born would not be a baby , it is likely that there would in fact be many who were in the adult category who would have been the first born. This wasn’t acceptable to Moses who wasn’t willing that the Hebrew people should return to Egypt. God clearly states his intention that his judgement would be against the gods of Egypt. Finally, the boy babies were commanded to be thrown (after their birth) into the Nile. Exodus 1- 17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive. Gen.50:24-26. Micah 1-7 As for me, I am filled with the Spirit of the LORD, with justice and might, to declare to Jacob his transgression and to Israel his sin, Amos 6-9 The Lord was standing beside a wall built with a plumb line, Genesis 48-50 Thus he put Ephraim before Manasseh, Exodus 7-9 Though I multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, Pharaoh will not listen to you. There were about 70 people in total. Very different to what the Egyptians had been engaging in. The normal household would have been between 4-8 people we shall take 6 being the average, 2 parents and 4 children if we take the highest estimated population this would be approx 416,500 households. The serpents of the sorcerers though were swallowed up by the serpent of Moses as a clear indication that the God of Moses was indeed a more powerful God, but Pharaoh hardened his heart. 6 Then Joseph died, and all his brothers and all that generation. The story of Moses’ birth is prophetic. Alfred Edersheim. But even more importantly, it signified that the Lord passed over Israel, and foreshadowed the mystery of Jesus himself. God stopped the Egyptians from the heinous crimes of wickedness that had brought about God’s judgement and did it in a way that would not only lead to the freedom of the Hebrew people which as a result would end their oppression and the deaths of their children but would also offer a way to the very Egyptians who were partaking in those crimes to be saved and freed as well. And the Egyptians were in dread of the people of Israel. He let the baby girls live. So the deaths of the first bornes could simply be attributed to the consequences of this reciprocal morality. Pharaoh decided that in order to keep the children of Israel under his control he would order the midwives who attended to the births of the Hebrews (children of Israel) to kill all of the baby boys. Then the plague of death was administered upon the land of Egypt and the judgement against the gods of Egypt was complete.Â Exodus 12-29And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. The Egyptian people would have been all too aware of this moral code and would themselves not have been innocent of the Pharaohs actions having been given 9 chances before hand to follow the God of the Hebrews. 19 Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.At this point we are told there were Egyptians that were in fear of God. We must remember that God has already asked on numerous occasions and Pharaoh has refused on each occasion. At the lowest range this would be approx 60,000 and at the highest around 150,000 so our total would be down to somewhere between 150,000 firstborns on the high end and 60,000 on the low end. Pharaoh was given ample chance to do as he was requested. Pharaoh whose own first born had died now officially lets the Hebrews go. And the pain that Pharaoh caused those families. (Ex 1:15-17). So Pharaohâs second strategy is to demand that the Hebrew midwives, Shiprah and Puah, kill all Hebrew male babies (but not female babies) as they are born. Killing the Jewish Boys at Birth (vs. 15-22) Some scholars suggest that women who were barren were often used as midwives. King Jesus, the one who saves us from sin and death. 8And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out. All Rights Reserved. Exodus 8-8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Entreat the LORD, that he may take away the frogs from me, and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may do sacrifice unto the LORD. This post is part of my bible in a year series. Pharoah is once again warned before the execution of this Plague. , What was the name of King Abijahs mother? The first plague was to demonstrate the lack of power of Hapi the Egyptian God of the Nile. Exodus 12- 48And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof. The story of Moses starts in Exodus 2:1-10. 27And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, I have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous, and I and my people are wicked. Exodus 10-24And Pharaoh called unto Moses, and said, Go ye, serve the LORD; only let your flocks and your herds be stayed: let your little ones also go with you. And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water. Chizkuni (verse 16) - men were generally those involved in warfare, and Pharaoh was worried about the Jews joining in a war against Egypt. And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born you shall cast into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive. Perhaps some were killed, but many Hebrew sons were spared because of their compassion. So he may run who reads it. All Rights Reserved. In 4:22-23, God tells Moses to warn Pharaoh that Israel is YHWHâs firstborn and he will kill Pharaohâs firstborn if Pharaoh doesnât let the Israelites go. 18 So the king of Egypt called the midwives and said to them, âWhy have you done this, and let the male children live?â (Ex 1:18) Their lives are in danger. But the Pharaoh didn’t stop there. Exodus 9 -12And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken unto Moses. The story of Moses starts in Exodus 2:1-10. Follow this saviour, he will lead you out of slavery. 4 Else, if thou refuse to let my people go, behold, to morrow will I bring the locusts into thy coast: 5 And they shall cover the face of the earth, that one cannot be able to see the earth: and they shall eat the residue of that which is escaped, which remaineth unto you from the hail, and shall eat every tree which groweth for you out of the field: 6And they shall fill thy houses, and the houses of all thy servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians; which neither thy fathers, nor thy fathers’ fathers have seen, since the day that they were upon the earth unto this day. And he turned himself, and went out from Pharaoh. Pharaoh’s Heart was hardened and he refused to let the people go at all and this time threatened Moses with death if he came before him again. 22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, “Every son that is born to the Hebrews you shall cast into the Nile, but you shall let every daughter live.” (Ex 1:19–22). 18And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast. 201 views Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants, and in the sight of the people. God had given the Egyptian people and Pharoah enough demonstrations of his might for everyone to have accepted him as a true God above their own and freed the Hebrew people from their bondage of slavery. So the way in which Pharaoh was trying to implement his population control was by working them to death. Peace made with Persia. But as before Pharaoh’s heart was hardened and he would not let the people go. Through all of Israel’s history God’s promises are remembered and celebrated. Mosesâ Background. Leviticus 5:1-13 - More Laws Regarding Sin Offerings By the end of Exodus 1, the pharaoh of Egypt (perhaps Ramses II) had decreed that all the Hebrew boy babies were to be drowned at birth. The deaths of the children were as a consequence of sin and their deaths were totally avoidable. Ex 7-8 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, 9When Pharaoh shall speak unto you, saying, Shew a miracle for you: then thou shalt say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and cast it before Pharaoh, and it shall become a serpent. Who was the father of Joseph, Jacob or Heli? Did Beyoncé kill her first baby? Not to mention any of the hebrew people who had been worked and possible beaten to death while enslaved, God’s intention was to prove he was God and that the Egyptian Gods were useless…that people would come to him and accept him as God and ultimately find salvation.And we are told this is exactly what happened. Follow this saviour, he will lead you out of slavery. This was an attack on Heket, the Egyptian goddess of fertility who was depicted with a frog’s head. let the men go, that they may serve the LORD their God: knowest thou not yet that Egypt is destroyed? Looking at the text in more detail we will see that the Pharaoh was actually embarking on a course of population control. Some kings are evil, and babies are killed, but all such stories are fictional. In the New Testament itâs the evil king Herod. In what year of King Asa’s reign did Baasha die. The children who died may well have been innocent, I want to point out that the children who died as a result of the 10th plague were not being punished by their deaths. Israel in the early chapters of Exodus was under the cruel rule of a king who feared God’s people. After 9 plagues it was obvious that only an extreme act was going to suffice. 11And as soon as we had heard these things, our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage in any man, because of you: for the LORD your God, he is God in heaven above, and in earth beneath. Perhaps some were killed, but many Hebrew sons were spared because of their compassion. Although these figures may seem yet still high i’m sure they are much lower than most people’s perception of how many people actually died. Protection would be killed admitted that this was not a God he was by... Your herds, as ye have said, this is a pogrom of 50 per cent of the place... 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