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The term Sustainable Livelihood was first proposed in a rural context, and was later amended by the Brundtland Commission. The program focuses on restoring the ecological balance by harnessing; conserving and developing degraded natural resources. DFID sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets Author: DFID Year: 1999 Resource type: Official. sustainable livelihood approach (SLA). CYSD is the Nodal Training Institute in Odisha for taking up Agri-Clinic and Agri-Business Centre (ACABC) scheme, in collaboration with MANAGE, Hyderabad, under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India. Figure 2.9 – The Sustainable Livelihood model in the DFID Guidelines (DFID 1999, figure 1, p.1) Figure 2.10 – The dynamic nature of assets in a modern development economics scenario (Sayer and Campbell 2001, figure 10, p.218) 2.1 Poverty – a rural focus 10 3. The objective of ACABC Scheme is to improve the agriculture extension services to the farmers by promoting agri-entrepreneurs. This paper has covered from the evolution of the theory through to the definition, principles, key proponents, the sustainable livelihoods framework, strengths and limitations of the theory. We conclude this unit by drawing your attention to the sustainable livelihoods (SL) approach to development. It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood … sustainable livelihood and human development. CARE’s programming principles for livelihood projects Figure 5. to start their own enterprise. Agriculture graduate youths from different districts of Odisha with diverse areas of interest in entrepreneurship have been provided 60 days of residential training and hand-holding support, for business development planning and for linkage with financial institutions, to set up their agri-enterprises. Background. Sustainable Livelihoods Approach SL is a way of thinking about rural development. SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOODS A FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYSIS IDS … SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOOD SECURITY THROUGH INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEMS - A REVIEW Argade Shivaji Dadabhau* and Wadkar Sagar Kisan Dairy Extension Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal - 132 001, India Received: 19-09-2012 Accepted:11-01-2013 ABSTRACT This is a very complex and serious problem, when share of agriculture in gross domestic product is declining, … livelihoods and livelihood enhancement and diversification as tools for rural development and poverty reduction. As a result, most of the trainees have started their own ventures like plant protection and farm equipment units, soil testing labs, tissue culture labs, in-land fisheries, mushroom farms and dairy farms. Policy Advocacy for improved livelihoods for poor, more particularly tribal. 130: The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and Programme Development in Cambodia, Cathryn Turton. Providing capacity building support and ensuring better access to market form the components of this strategy. Central to the framework is the analysis of the range of formal and informal organisational and institutional factors that influence sustainable livelihood outcomes. Moreover, the organization is undertaking studies to deepen understanding on key policy issues and engage the government for policy advocacy in favour of the poor and marginalized, especially women. But the commonly quoted definition is by Chambers and Conway (1992), “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living. Figure 1. In Odisha, 22.13% of the population belongs to “Scheduled Tribe” (ST) community whose livelihood mostly depends on forest, agriculture and animal husbandry. What does the approach tell us about the livelihoods of the rural poor 15 4.1 Who are the poor? By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Agriculture being one of the primary sources of livelihoods of the tribals, effort is being taken by the organization to improve the agricultural practices resulting in increase in productivity of crops and thereby ensuring year-round food security and enhanced income. This framework provides guiding action to address and overcome poverty to become self-reliant, placing the rural … Given the above understandings, a sustainable tourism livelihood was defined and a Sustainable Tourism Livelihoods Approach (STLA) is proposed. In conclusion, the paper briefly considers some of the practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods approach. Posted April 30, 2020 March 28, 2020 admin. Essay on Sustainable Livelihood Framework/Approach. This approach is unique since individual approach is a contributing factor to these women being poor. D: Entrepreneurship Development Programme. Copyright © 2008 CAUTHE. This position paper overviews Oxfam Novib’s work on the right to a sustainable livelihood in rural development programming and considers the importance of agriculture for overall growth and poverty reduction. Thus CYSD’s livelihood strategy focuses on household food and nutrition security and expanding income earning opportunities for rural poor, more particularly tribals. Promote appropriate technologies for efficient and sustainable use of rainwater. CYSD in its persistent efforts has been trying to empower community on rights and entitlement over forest, land and water resources using Forest Rights Act (FRA), Vasundhara, Mo Jami Mo Diha (rights over revenue land in favour of landless families); strengthen community institutions – Forest Rights Committee, Water user Association, Van Samrakhyan Samiti, etc. The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. Definition of livelihood from Oxford dictionary is “a means of securing the necessities of life”. The call for emphasis on sustainable livelihoods was This book sets out the rural livelihoods approach within the larger context of past and current themes in rural development. 15 4.2 What makes the rural … Sustainable livelihood initiatives are sets of activities that rural dwellers engage especially women in economic activities that have the propensity to adverting individual subsistence farming approach to a collaborative cooperative sector approach in order to increase productivity. Carney, D (1998). Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) has been evolved from the notion of intentional development as a response to the failure of top-down development (Morse and McNamara, 2013, pp.17-18). It does not replace other tools, such as participatory development, sector-wide approaches, or integrated rural development. This initiative will address the demand supply gap in retail sector. has been cited by the following article: Article. Sound policies and pro-poor economic growth! In conclusion, the paper briefly considers some of the practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods approach. UNDP’s approach to promoting sustainable livelihoods Figure 3. It was developed over a period of several months by the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The sustainable livelihoods approach is an emerging and evolving approach to rural development, with a great potential to learn from other approaches in the field, and to successfully apply those in the battle against rural poverty. This framework addresses the impacts of environmental hazards and shocks. In order to make producers to realise the commercial value of their produce CYSD developed and adopted a comprehensive system of marketing at the village level called as “aggregate marketing model”, which help participation of the marginalized in the marketing effort like aggregate to achieve scale, participate in value addition and engage with markets as an equal participant, but it involves producers in value chain development. Tourism has been increasingly used for, and directly linked with, rural poverty reduction in developing countries. Based on a review of the literature we first suggest that sustainable livelihoods for tourism should be viewed in a broader tourism context, rather than merely taking tourism as a development tool. NTFP as well as non-farm based enterprise are taken up by the community members. We target the households which are traditionally left outs, including landless, destitute, disables and those who are unable to be part of the Self Help Groups or other income generating activities. SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOODS A FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYSIS IDS WORKING PAPER 72 Ian Scoones SUMMARY The concept of ‘sustainable livelihoods’ is increasingly important in the development debate. The skill training with help them better equipped to take up the upcoming job opportunities in the retail houses. Centre for Youth and Social Development, The program also focuses on (1) Increased access of small holders especially women farmers to mainstream development programmes. B: Economic Security and Financial Inclusion. to aid development have been through a Top-down approach. 3 INTRODUCTION The concept of ‘sustainable rural livelihoods’ 1 is increasingly central to the debate about rural development, poverty reduction and environmental management. One has a narrower economic focus on production, The organization has been constantly improving the lower end of value chain with introduction of simple technology, marketing capacity and ensuring proper business development service (BDS); building capacities of local youth and women groups as value chain actors and entrepreneurs; creating a market information system (using technology), market information board, minimum procurement and support price, and registration of traders at panchayat level for non-timber forest products (NTFPs); tapping programme opportunities to strengthen marketing institutions and infrastructure; and finally creating a multi-actor platform for livelihoods planning and stronger interplay of specialized skills and action area for greater household returns, particularly in tribal regions. A: ACABC Training for Agriculture Youth Graduates. A policy of sustainable livelihoods focuses not on the needs of the rural poor, but rather, builds on the existing assets of the poor, both at the community level, and as individuals. This paper uses the sustainable livelihoods approach to take a fresh look at the impact of the Watershed Development Programmes (WSD) on rural livelihoods. This paper presents a critical, academic review of the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL) approach to development, beginning with a presentation of the central SRL tenets and their origins, and proceeding to a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of the academic literature, particularly in relation to theoretical consistency. Risk minimization through community adaptation and strengthened collective action. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach is a method of analysing and changing the lives of people experiencing poverty and disadvantage. The concept of sustainable livelihoods The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. Sustainable livelihood program is conducted with sustainable livelihood framework to understand the complexities and principles of poverty. sustainable livelihood approach (SLA). Key issues Policies and actions which promote sustainable livelihoods should contribute to:! In its continual efforts, CYSD has been insisting for adoption of climate change adaptation measures, like the technological innovations – low water consumption in high land areas, water logging resistant in coastal regions and protection and use of food, foraging, medicinal plants and nutritional potential of forest to improve the resilient in the livelihoods systems of the poor and vulnerable. It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance its assets and capabilities in the face of shocks and stresses over time. A central notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. Conserve soil and improve the land productivity. Community based institutions form the base for promoting livelihood interventions. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. Ensuring decentralized planning process and raising awareness of the community regarding the various mainstream development programmes and also the step by step process to access the same is an important agenda of the programme. This approach is influenced by many of the themes that we have already looked at in this unit, including those of integrated rural development, basic needs, participation and sustainable development. But what does this new entry into the development lexicon actually mean? Entrepreneurship is also one of the core areas being promoted by the organization to enhance the income of the people. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. DFID’s SL framework Boxes Box 1. The evidence gathered from exploring twelve successful examples suggests that effective incorporation of the good principles of development associated with the sustainable livelihood (SL) approach is required to set the stage for reducing poverty. This is especially true for rural development where tourism is used as a livelihood strategy. UNDP’s approach to promoting sustainable livelihoods Figure 3. As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. It calls for integrative thinking for poverty reduction rather than con­ventionally alleviating poverty through raising crop produc­tivity and external aid (Cahn, 2002). Efforts are made for propagating organic and traditional farm practices for making agriculture sustainable. 129: Developing Methodologies for Livelihood Impact Assessment: Experience of the African Wildlife Foundation in East Africa , Caroline Ashley and Karim Hussein. CYSD in its efforts tries to promote community managed micro finance system that enable women (18-24 years) to start the micro enterprise and financial inclusion. A sustainable rural livelihoods (SRL) framework can be DFID’s Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and its Framework The concept of ‘Sustainable Livelihoods’ constitute the basis of different ‘Sustainable Livelihood Approaches’ (SLA) and has been adapted by different development agencies such as the British Department for International Development (DFID). Figure 1. 4.2 The sustainable livelihoods approach. CYSD has been putting its efforts towards operationalizing the Government’s existing policy initiatives in relation to tribal’s access to land and forest products. The sustainable livelihood approach offers a holistic and integrative approach with the capacity to analyse and understand the complexity of rural development (Chambers and Conway 1991; Solesbury 2003). DFID’s SL framework Boxes Box 1. 3.1 The sustainable livelihoods framework. Implementing the sustainable rural livelihoods approach. However, practice of traditional implementation strategies, absence of sustainable local institutions, infrastructure linkages and end-toned solution in the value chain make their livelihoods vulnerable to various risks. Value Chain Optimization for rural products in favour of rural poor. It will support thinking through policy options for programming, lobbying and advocacy work, and will improve programme effectiveness. Authors Gibson-Graham, Cameron, and Healy highlight the measure of … The book looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. This paper outlines a framework for analysing sustainable livelihoods, defined here in relation to five key indicators. Department for International Development, London, UK. In order to enhance the livelihoods of the community members in a sustained manner, it is not only necessary that they are capacitated on improved agricultural practices but preservation, management and regeneration of natural resources including land. Central to the framework is the analysis of the range of formal and informal organisational and institutional factors that influence sustainable livelihood outcomes. Sustainable Livelihoods for Tourism Based on the above, a tourism-livelihood approach must be … 131: Watersheds and Rural Livelihoods in India , Cathryn Turton. Bring the underprivileged sections of society in to the mainstream. sustainable livelihood (SL) approach. Thus, a reconciliation of the tensions and opportunities between the SLA and tourism needs to be found. Build the capacities of tribal youth and develop enterprises at the village level 3. Further, it  promotes job-oriented vocational training for vulnerable excluded young men and women in the age group (18-24 years) to access decent employment. Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. To explain sustainable livelihoods frameworks and to identify some of their strengths and weaknesses. INTRODUCTION. A FRAMEWORK FOR INVESTIGATING SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOODS The IDS sustainable rural livelihoods framework (Figure 1) has a number of basic elements. At the policy level, effort is made for increased targeting of the smallholders and women farmers under various schemes. to facilitate the rights and entitlements over natural resources; create a strong community awareness for development programmes and facilitate formation as well as strengthening of necessary institutional architecture at the community and panchayat level; and ensure effective implementation of existing progressive policies to ensure greater livelihoods returns to the tribals and advocate for conducive policy environment to address structural issues of poverty and vulnerability. Sustainable Livelihoods programme will aim to apply the framework in particular cases, with the use of specific examples. The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. The SLA contends that urban communities should become planners, initiators and executors of local development in order for any transformation to occur. Sustainable Livelihood Approach There are varied definitions of sustainable livelihoods. The analysis indicates that the SL principles addressing social inclusivity and environmental sustainability are key. SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS FRAMEWORK INTRODUCTION 2.1 The livelihoods framework is a tool to improve our understanding of livelihoods, particularly the livelihoods of the poor. Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches. Emphasis is made on convergence with mainstream development programmes and other stakeholders for program sustainability, Improved access to and sustainable return from Community Resources. Department for International Development, London, UK. Annex 7. Second, the SLA seeks household livelihood sustainability at the individual or household level, while tourism sustainability is often applied to the industry and destinations at wider, more macro level scales. However, the application, and to an extent the principles, of the widely used organising framework for considering poverty reduction, the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA), may not fit fully the tourism situation, and vice versa. As a whole, this set of Guidance Sheets attempts to summarise and share emerging thinking on the sustainable livelihoods approach. Building Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Home Building Sustainable Rural Livelihoods CYSD is widening livelihood options, as one of the key adopted strategies, both farm and non-farm sectors for reducing poverty in the remote underdeveloped tribal pockets of Odisha. • Sustainable The sustainable livelihoods approach facilitates the identificationof practical priorities for actions that are based on the views and interests of those concerned but they are not a panacea. The SLA contends that urban communities should become planners, initiators and executors of local development in order for any transformation to occur. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. E-1, Institutional Area, Gangadhar Meher Marg,Bhubaneswar-751013 Empower the ST families for availing benefits under various programmes. Integrated Watershed program is the ST & SC Development Program of Government of Odisha focuses on empowering the tribals and enabling them to enhance their food security round the year. CYSD intends to provide skill training to these disadvantaged urban youths to make them employable and earn their livelihoods. Sustainable rural livelihoods: A framework for analysis Figure 2. Chapter 1 in D. Carney, editor. In conclusion, the paper briefly considers some of the practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods approach. All along, a great deal of emphasis is placed on ensuring food security through promotion of diverse and multi-cropping. The livelihood assets, Emphasis is laid on enhancing the access and control of women farmers over productive assets, particularly land under various schemes. To train disadvantaged urban youth in employable skills as retail associate. Rural livelihoods are enhanced through effective participation of rural people and rural communities in the management of their own social, economic and environmental objectives by empowering people in rural areas, particularly women and youth, including through organizations such as local cooperatives and by applying the bottom-up approach. The sustainable livelihood approach is an example of an Presented by Timothy R. Frankenberger, CARE. Adopt best practices for sustainable livelihoods development. to enable the youth to choose for self-employment; and providing supports to trained youths in terms of preparation of business development plans (BDPs), linkages with financial institutions, etc. Implementing the sustainable rural livelihoods approach. Conservation of water and checking soil erosion is central in this program and our effort remains in the attainment of economic as well as financial sustainability of dry land and agriculture. This approach is influenced by many of the themes that we have already looked at in this unit, including those of integrated rural development, basic needs, participation and sustainable development. The adoption of the SL approach presents challenges to development interventions including: the future of projects and programmes, and sector wide approaches (SWAPs) and direct budgetary support. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. The potential applications of the STLA are discussed and future research is recommended. Stemming from theory regarding sustainable development, a sustainable livelihood approach incorporates the collective concerns for environmental and economic resources and individual focus. DFID’s Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and its Framework The concept of ‘Sustainable Livelihoods’ constitute the basis of different ‘Sustainable Livelihood Approaches’ (SLA) and has been adapted by different development agencies such as the British Department for International Development (DFID). Third, it identifies the good practices and policies that work for promoting gender equality in rural livelihoods and proposes some policy recommendations. To explain the importance of considering rural livelihood interactions with different economic sectors and issues in assessing livelihood systems. Conse­quently, integration of SL and tourism is necessary. It is very difficult in the time allotted to give an overview on all of the work that has taken place on sustainable livelihood approaches over the past several years. Equip rural communities for sustainable management of the natural resources. A brief overview of sustainable livelihoods approaches. In this context, the Family based livelihoods development programme (FLD) aims to (1) Enhance the socio-economic status of targeted tribal families 2. Published on 1 January 1998 ... framework is the analysis of the range of formal and informal organisational and institutional factors that influence sustainable livelihood outcomes. This paper presents a critical, academic review of the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL) approach to development, beginning with a presentation of the central SRL tenets and their origins, and proceeding to a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of the academic literature, particularly in relation to theoretical consistency. CYSD is instrumental in analyzing the demand and skill gaps in the tribal districts to get a clear picture of the skills that are in demand in the local areas and the quantum of unemployment that can be addressed through skill building; imparting training in vocations, like nursery raising, cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants, supply of quality horticulture plants through grafting, mushroom cultivation, dairy, poultry, pisciculture, beekeeping, NTFP based livelihoods, food processing / preservation, manufacturing of building materials, masonry, carpentry, etc. By implementing this program we increase the income of the families and help them to lead a stress free life and reduce migration. Third, tourism research has demonstrated local residents' increasing concern about participation in political governance associated with tourism development, with less participation jeopardising local people's assets from a livelihood perspective. Strengthening Small Holder Agriculture program aims to enhance livelihood capabilities and functioning of the vulnerable communities, particularly the small, marginal and women farmers through participatory action; training & capacity building and evidence based research & advocacy initiatives. Therefore, an additional concept of institutional asset (mainly community participation) needs to be incorporated within the SLA. Promising of the tensions and opportunities between the SLA the IDS sustainable rural livelihoods 4. 15 4.1 Who are the poor ’ is increasingly important in the retail houses the sustainable livelihoods SL! Given the above understandings, a reconciliation of the people analysts point out, There varied! The projects for life: retail training for urban Unemployed youth, 2020 March 28, March! Sectors and issues in assessing livelihood systems ) type: Official and Policies that work for promoting equality... 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