... Ecclesiastical History, Volume I: Books 1-5. Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History is one of the classics of early Christianity and of equal stature with the works of Flavius Josephus. London; New York; Cambridge, Mass. Hide browse bar 4. Others passed through different conflicts. An illustration of an audio speaker. 6. He took not the smallest part in the war against us, and preserved the pious that were under him unharmed and unabused. But it is not our place to describe the sad misfortunes which finally came upon them, as we do not think it proper, moreover, to record their divisions and unnatural conduct to each other before the persecution. The end of their lives was as follows. 6. 2. For they said that it was not fitting that the cities should be polluted with the blood of their own people, or that the government of their rulers, which was kind and mild toward all, should be defamed through excessive cruelty; but that rather the beneficence of the humane and royal authority should be extended to all, and we should no longer be put to death. 1. Of the martyrs in Palestine, Silvanus, bishop of the churches about Gaza, was beheaded with thirty-nine others at the copper mines of Phæno. He therefore punished her with exile, and took away all her property. Immediately the deed followed the word. Which makes this site the easiest way to read Eusebius Church History online with a desktop or mobile device. In addition to this, famine and pestilence came upon them, in regard to which we shall relate what is necessary in the proper place. 9. The edict is an acknowledgment of defeat on Galerius' part, and was undoubtedly caused in large part by a superstitious desire, brought on by his sickness, to propitiate the God of the Christians whom he had been unable to conquer. The Epistle of Adrian, decreeing that we should not be punished without a Trial CHAPTER 10. Lawlor. 2. 3. the ecclesiastical history Book 1 Book 2 Book 3 Book 4 Book 5 Book 6 Book 7 Book 8 Book 9 Book 10 Appendix A. The fact that Constantine feels it necessary to invent such an explanation gives the occurrence a still more auspicious look, and one not altogether favorable to the Christians. Such was the career of wickedness which was carried forward at one and the same time by the two tyrants who held the East and the West. options are on the right side and top of the page. Indeed they esteemed them highly, and preferred them to their fellow-servants. Melted lead, bubbling and boiling with the heat, was poured down the backs of others, and they were roasted in the most sensitive parts of the body. 1. 6. 1. Finally, after these terrible and various attacks upon them, they were all slain with the sword; and instead of being buried in the earth they were committed to the waves of the sea. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. 6. William Heinemann; G.P. 13. Such was the first edict against us. Others were raised aloft, suspended from the porch by one hand, and endured the most terrible suffering of all, through the distension of their joints and limbs. For as liberty to abuse them was given to all that wished, some beat them with clubs, others with rods, others with scourges, yet others with thongs, and others with ropes. Having before them all these examples and models and noble tokens which are given us in the Divine and Sacred Scriptures, the blessed martyrs who were with us did not hesitate, but directing the eye of the soul in sincerity toward the God over all, and having their mind set upon death for religion, they adhered firmly to their calling. They were scraped over the entire body with shells instead of hooks until they died. Then, truly, according to the word of Jeremiah, The Lord in his wrath darkened the daughter of Zion, and cast down the glory of Israel from heaven to earth, and remembered not his foot-stool in the day of his anger. The ecclesiastical history of Eusebius Pamphilus, bishop of Cesarea, in Palestine Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. This they did because all the inhabitants of the city, and the curator himself, and the governor, with all who held office, and the entire populace, confessed themselves Christians, and would not in the least obey those who commanded them to worship idols. Author: Eusebius Title: Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History Plot: The history of the Christian church from Christ ~0 to ~335 AD There are three easy ways to do this study: Click the play button starting with part 1 on the audio players below (note: if you'd prefer, you can also listen to them on Apple or Google); You can get text for the whole series by clicking here or And yet their mouths were restrained, I know not how, by a divine and incomprehensible power, and they ran back again to their place. 9. ad Sanct. 9. H.J. 3. 12. 8. The author of the edict very shortly after this confession was released from his pains and died. 5. All his subjects, people and rulers, honored and obscure, were worn out by grievous oppression. It is time to consider what took place after these events. And besides these things shields and breastplates were preparing, and darts and spears and other warlike accoutrements were making ready, and galleys and naval armor were collecting in every place. Od. Free download or read online Eusebius: The Church History pdf (ePUB) book. 4. But far the most admirable was that woman at Rome, who was truly the most noble and modest of all, whom the tyrant Maxentius, fully resembling Maximinus in his actions, endeavored to abuse. For the infliction of this punishment upon us should be stopped in consequence of the humanity of the rulers. Dying immediately, she left her corpse to those who had come for her. 4. 2) many years afterwards referred to the fire as caused by lightning, which is clearly only a makeshift, for, as Burckhardt remarks, there could have been no doubt in that case how the fire originated. When also, according to another prophetic word, Contempt was poured out upon rulers, and he caused them to wander in an untrodden and pathless way. Exodus 20:3. And although the guards vied with each other in threatening them in all sorts of ways, not in words only, but in actions, they did not give up their resolution; because 'perfect love casts out fear.' And since many continue in the same folly, and we perceive that they neither offer to the heavenly gods the worship which is due, nor pay regard to the God of the Christians, in consideration of our philanthropy and our invariable custom, by which we are wont to extend pardon to all, we have determined that we ought most cheerfully to extend our indulgence in this matter also; that they may again be Christians, and may rebuild the conventicles in which they were accustomed to assemble, on condition that nothing be done by them contrary to discipline. 4.8 out of 5 stars 9. But these things did not avail them against the holy martyrs; for an accurate description of whom, what word of ours could suffice? 4. But Eusebius’s chief fame rests on the Ecclesiastical History, or History of the Christian Church, published in 324–325 in ten books—the most important ecclesiastical history of ancient times and a great treasury of knowledge about the early Church. 1 John 4:18. 14. Others were mutilated by cutting off their noses and ears and hands, and cutting to pieces the other members and parts of their bodies, as in Alexandria. 12. Eusebius: The Church History - Ebook written by Eusebius. Such was the martyrdom of one of the servants of the palace, who was indeed well worthy of his name, for he was called Peter. In these conflicts the noble martyrs of Christ shone illustrious over the entire world, and everywhere astonished those who beheld their manliness; and the evidences of the truly divine and unspeakable power of our Saviour were made manifest through them. He was the kindest and mildest of emperors, and the only one of those of our day that passed all the time of his government in a manner worthy of his office. On this account he commanded his subjects to cease persecuting the Christians, pretending to religion that he might appear merciful and mild beyond his predecessors. But he did not prove in his deeds to be such a person as was hoped, but ran into all wickedness and abstained from no impurity or licentiousness, committing adulteries and indulging in all kinds of corruption. He endured the conflict for religion while still holding the office of finance minister. Eusebius of Caesarea was a fourth-century Church Historian with his main work Ecclesiastical Church History. For we might tell of many who showed admirable zeal for the religion of the God of the universe, not only from the beginning of the general persecution, but long before that time, while yet peace prevailed. We will describe the manner in which one of them ended his life, and leave our readers to infer from his case the sufferings of the others. And by her deeds, more powerfully than by any words, she has shown to all men now and hereafter that the virtue which prevails among Christians is the only invincible and indestructible possession. These indeed were wonderful; but yet more wonderful were those who, being distinguished for wealth, noble birth, and honor, and for learning and philosophy, held everything secondary to the true religion and to faith in our Saviour and Lord Jesus Christ. Although they received the highest honors from their masters, and were treated by them as their own children, they esteemed reproaches and trials for religion, and the many forms of death that were invented against them, as, in truth, greater riches than the glory and luxury of this life. J.E.L. 1. He therefore, being exceedingly imperious, seized the dignity for himself, and became Augustus, being made such by himself. And as he in nowise harmed them, they let loose other wild beasts upon them. The exact date of our author’s birth is unknown to us, but his Ecclesiastical History And at their contest, immediately after the scourging, with bloodthirsty wild beasts, as they were cast before leopards and different kinds of bears and wild boars and bulls goaded with fire and red-hot iron? 8. The favor shown our people by the rulers might be adduced as evidence; as they committed to them the government of provinces, and on account of the great friendship which they entertained toward their doctrine, released them from anxiety in regard to sacrificing. Turning, therefore, his thoughts toward himself, he first openly confessed to the God of the universe, and then summoning his attendants, he commanded that without delay they should stop the persecution of the Christians, and should by law and royal decree, urge them forward to build their churches and to perform their customary worship, offering prayers in behalf of the emperor. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. The original Latin is found in Lactantius' De mort. 1. He alone at death left his empire happily and gloriously to his own son as his successor, one who was in all respects most prudent and pious. 13. Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History: The Ten Books of Christian Church History, Complete and Unabridged. 2. Click anywhere in the And we beheld the most wonderful ardor, and the truly divine energy and zeal of those who believed in the Christ of God. From Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Vol. And to all jugglers, as if they were pious and beloved of the gods, he granted governments and the greatest privileges. This continued for a long time, and occasioned no little wonder to the spectators. 2. As will be seen from note 3, below, I interpret the document in quite another way, and regard it as a not inconsistent statement of the whole matter from Galerius' own point of view.}-->. 7. And yet, in my opinion, it is not as Mason calls it, one of the most bizarre state documents ever penned, couched in language treacherous, contradictory, and sown with the most virulent hatred; neither does it lay the blame upon the Christians because they had forsaken Christ, nor aim to dupe and outwit the angry Christ, by pretending to be not a persecutor, but a reformer. And they received the final sentence of death with joy and laughter and cheerfulness; so that they sang and offered up hymns and thanksgivings to the God of the universe till their very last breath. 4. Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co.. Revised and edited for New Advent by Kevin Knight. What words could describe their courage and manliness under every torture? 7. For he supposed that the others could be taken easily if he should first attack and subdue these. He neither threw down the church buildings, nor did he devise anything else against us. No envy hindered the progress of these affairs which advanced gradually, and grew and increased day by day. Download Eusebius the Church History Books now!Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Who is there that would hesitate, after careful examination, to pronounce the persecution against us the cause of such evils? As four of them held the supreme authority, those who were advanced in age and honor, after the persecution had continued not quite two years, abdicated the government, as we have already stated, and passed the remainder of their lives in a common and private station. And this was done to them. 4. And regarding with indifference the terrible things and the multiform tortures, they declared themselves boldly and undauntedly for the religion of the God of the universe. 153) (Volume I) by Eusebius and Kirsopp Lake | Jan 1, 1926. 2. He was then commanded to sacrifice, but as he refused, he was ordered to be stripped and raised on high and beaten with rods over his entire body, until, being conquered, he should, even against his will, do what was commanded. But he held his purpose firmly, and victoriously gave up his life while the tortures were still going on. Enter a Perseus citation to go to another section or work. Edited by Philip Schaff and Henry Wace. Again not less than thirty, then about sixty, and yet again a hundred men with young children and women, were slain in one day, being condemned to various and diverse torments. 3. For as they despised death, they cared nothing for his power. To crown all his wickedness, the tyrant resorted to magic. Lawlor. Again you might have seen others, for they were five in all, cast before a wild bull, who tossed into the air with his horns those who approached from the outside, and mangled them, leaving them to be token up half dead; but when he rushed with rage and threatening upon the holy martyrs, who were standing alone, he was unable to come near them; but though he stamped with his feet, and pushed in all directions with his horns, and breathed rage and threatening on account of the irritation of the burning irons, he was, nevertheless, held back by the sacred Providence. EUSEBIUS PAMPHILI: ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY, BOOKS 6-10 | ROY J. DEFERRARI | download | Z-Library. But he who preceded him, the most merciful and kindly emperor Constantius, passed all the time of his government in a manner worthy of his office. It is impossible to tell the ways in which this tyrant at Rome oppressed his subjects, so that they were reduced to such an extreme dearth of the necessities of life as has never been known, according to our contemporaries, either at Rome or elsewhere. 9. Some, raised on high by the feet, with their heads down, while a gentle fire burned beneath them, were suffocated by the smoke which arose from the burning wood, as was done in Mesopotamia. For though it was necessary that these things should take place, according to the divine judgment, yet the Word says, Woe to him through whom the offense comes. Of the rest each one endured different forms of torture. Thus one, while those around pressed him on by force and dragged him to the abominable and impure sacrifices, was dismissed as if he had sacrificed, though he had not. Since great envy was excited on their account, every means was used to find them in their concealment; and when it was ascertained that they were away, they were summoned deceitfully to Antioch. But this man, first in that place, after distinguishing himself in such a manner suffered those things which were likely to follow such daring, and kept his spirit cheerful and undisturbed till death. Eusebius, The Ecclesiastical History, Vol 1-2. At Nicomedia, in the presence of the emperor, he proclaimed the heavenly kingdom of Christ, first in an oral defense, and afterwards by deeds as well. But as he was unmoved by these sufferings, and his bones were already appearing, they mixed vinegar with salt and poured it upon the mangled parts of his body. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. 2. Artikelen van Eusebius koop je eenvoudig online bij bol.com Gratis retourneren 30 dagen bedenktijd Snel in huis 6. But they were struck in the mouth and silenced by a large band of soldiers who were drawn up for this purpose; and they were smitten on the face and cheeks and driven away by force; so important did the enemies of piety regard it, by any means, to seem to have accomplished their purpose. All these things were fulfilled in us, when we saw with our own eyes the houses of prayer thrown down to the very foundations, and the Divine and Sacred Scriptures committed to the flames in the midst of the market-places, and the shepherds of the churches basely hidden here and there, and some of them captured ignominiously, and mocked by their enemies. But as if without sensibility, we were not eager to make the Deity favorable and propitious; and some, like atheists, thought that our affairs were unheeded and ungoverned; and thus we added one wickedness to another. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Eusebius: The Church History. For, she said, that to surrender their souls to the slavery of demons was worse than all deaths and destruction; and she set before them the only deliverance from all these things — escape to Christ. Others being bound to the branches and trunks of trees perished. Among the martyrs at Antioch was Lucian, a presbyter of that parish, whose entire life was most excellent. But we shall introduce into this history in general only those events which may be usefull first to ourselves and afterwards to posterity. Oulton. 1. To mention each by name would be a long task, if not indeed impossible. He showed himself an emulator of his father's piety toward our doctrine. 2. And in this he succeeded with all except the Christians. With him was the celebrated Gorgonius, and as many as had been esteemed worthy of the same distinction on account of the word of God. Constantine (Orat. They then listened to her advice. 10. But not long after, as persons in the country called Melitene, and others throughout Syria, attempted to usurp the government, a royal edict directed that the rulers of the churches everywhere should be thrown into prison and bonds. Especially since this extreme confusion of affairs did not cease until the Christians had obtained liberty. And when they were dragged away for corrupt purposes, they surrendered their lives to death rather than their bodies to impurity. Home > Fathers of the Church > Church History (Eusebius) > Book V. Church History (Book V) ... Apollonius also, an ecclesiastical writer, undertook its refutation, and wrote a special work against it, correcting in detail the false prophecies current among them and reproving the life of … Sometimes more than ten, at other times above twenty were put to death. Putnam's Press; Harvard University Press. Eusebius of Caesarea. Source. William Heinemann; G.P. And at the marvelous endurance of these noble men in the face of all sorts of wild beasts? Matthew 18:7 Therefore punishment from God came upon him, beginning with his flesh, and proceeding to his soul. 7. His son Constantine entered on the government at once, being proclaimed supreme emperor and Augustus by the soldiers, and long before by God himself, the King of all. Such are the words of the truly philosophical and God-loving martyr, which, before the final sentence, while yet in prison, he addressed to the brethren in his parish, showing them his own circumstances, and at the same time exhorting them to hold fast, even after his approaching death, to the religion of Christ. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Becoming exceedingly timid and superstitious, he valued greatly the error of idols and demons. From Eusebius: Ecclesiastical History, BOOK 8, Chapter 12 332 . Wherefore, on account of this indulgence of ours, they ought to supplicate their God for our safety, and that of the people, and their own, that the public welfare may be preserved in every place, and that they may live securely in their several homes. It would be impossible to describe the outrages and tortures which the martyrs in Thebais endured. 9. It is not for us to describe the conflicts of those who suffered for the divine religion throughout the entire world, and to relate accurately what happened to each of them. The imperial decrees were published in the cities, containing the revocation of the acts against us in the following form: 3. Some of them were slain with the axe, as in Arabia. And as the first wild beast did nothing, a second and a third were let loose against one and the same martyr. Kirsopp Lake. Of events contemporary with these later years, Eusebius recorded much that is valued, but it is for what he tells of the earlier period—of the days before the Peace of the Church—that he looms so large in the history of history and of literature. 1. Eusebius chronicles the events of the first three centuries of the Christian church in such a way as to record a vast number of vital facts about early Christianity that can be learned from no other ancient source. And the executioners bound a large number of others and put them on boats and threw them into the depths of the sea. 15. Book Ten and as early as 313, while Book Ten could have been written as late at 316. He suffered no one to surpass him in debauchery and profligacy, but made himself an instructor in wickedness to those about him, both rulers and subjects. And he not only practiced this against the obscure and unknown, but he insulted especially the most prominent and distinguished members of the Roman senate. But how can any one describe those vast assemblies, and the multitude that crowded together in every city, and the famous gatherings in the houses of prayer; on whose account not being satisfied with the ancient buildings they erected from the foundation large churches in all the cities? Wherefore also being zealous for the greater gifts, the Christ-bearing martyrs endured all trials and all kinds of contrivances for torture; not once only, but some also a second time. And according to what was foretold in the Psalms: He has made void the covenant of his servant, and profaned his sanctuary to the earth — in the destruction of the churches — and has thrown down all his strongholds, and has made his fortresses cowardice. All ten books of Eusebius' famous church history are presented here complete in a superb and authoritative translation. 9.1", "denarius"). Thus they were caught in the nets of the soldiers. 2. Maxentius his son, who obtained the government at Rome, at first feigned our faith, in complaisance and flattery toward the Roman people. But he has deprived him of purification, and has cast his throne to the ground. A certain man was brought forward in the above-mentioned city, before the rulers of whom we have spoken. We, also being on the spot ourselves, have observed large crowds in one day; some suffering decapitation, others torture by fire; so that the murderous sword was blunted, and becoming weak, was broken, and the very executioners grew weary and relieved each other. But as yet the instigator of this plot proceeded with moderation, and ventured so far as blood only in some instances; for the multitude of believers, as it is likely, made him afraid, and deterred him from waging war at once against all. 4. 1. Audio. And they endured this, not merely as long as the governor talked with them or was at leisure, but through almost the entire day. XXV. 1. The Lord also overwhelmed all the beautiful things of Israel, and threw down all his strongholds. He took not the smallest part in the war against us, but preserved the pious that were under him unharmed and unabused. 1. IX. Moreover, he conducted himself toward all most favorably and beneficently. 1. But a multitude of others, benumbed in spirit by fear, were easily weakened at the first onset. It was in the nineteenth year of the reign of Diocletian, in the month Dystrus, called March by the Romans, when the feast of the Saviour's passion was near at hand, that royal edicts were published everywhere, commanding that the churches be leveled to the ground and the Scriptures be destroyed by fire, and ordering that those who held places of honor be degraded, and that the household servants, if they persisted in the profession of Christianity, be deprived of freedom. A small town of Phrygia, inhabited solely by Christians, was completely surrounded by soldiers while the men were in it. For as soon as sentence was pronounced against the first, one after another rushed to the judgment seat, and confessed themselves Christians. Such things occurred in Nicomedia at the beginning of the persecution. He who was first in honor and age perished through a long and most grievous physical infirmity. 11. 3. The bishop was thrown into the depths of the sea. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series. And one could see the rulers in every church accorded the greatest favor by all officers and governors. 10. of Part II. Putnam's Press; Harvard University Press. 17. A certain holy person, — in soul admirable for virtue, in body a woman — who was illustrious beyond all in Antioch for wealth and family and reputation, had brought up in the principles of religion her two daughters, who were now in the freshness and bloom of life. 4. chaps. It is possible, as Mason suggests, that in the copies of the edict which were designed for other parts of the empire than his own the names of all four emperors appeared. Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more all for only $19.99... As we have described in seven books the events from the time of the apostles, we think it proper in this eighth book to record for the information of posterity a few of the most important occurrences of our own times, which are worthy of permanent record. H.J. For though he who had received power was seemingly aroused now as from a deep sleep, yet from the time after Decius and Valerian, he had been plotting secretly and without notice against the churches. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. He was the first whose decrees and statues and public monuments were destroyed because of his wickedness and impiety. For when she learned that those who served the tyrant in such matters were at the house (she also was a Christian), and that her husband, although a prefect of Rome, would suffer them to take and lead her away, having requested a little time for adorning her body, she entered her chamber, and being alone, stabbed herself with a sword. 18. Download books for free. These persons, although a multitude of relatives and other friends besought them, and many in high position, and even the judge himself entreated them, that they would have compassion on themselves and show mercy to their children and wives, yet were not in the least induced by these things to choose the love of life, and to despise the ordinances of our Saviour concerning confession and denial. J.E.L. Keyboarding. When therefore they were ordered to choose whether they would be released from molestation by touching the polluted sacrifice, and would receive from them the accursed freedom, or refusing to sacrifice, should be condemned to death, they did not hesitate, but went to death cheerfully. As this went on, some died under the tortures, shaming the adversary by their constancy. But at the close of these calamities, when finally they could contrive no greater cruelties, and were weary of putting to death, and were filled and satiated with the shedding of blood, they turned to what they considered merciful and humane treatment, so that they seemed to be no longer devising terrible things against us. Honorable on account of wealth and family and education, she esteemed all of these inferior to chastity. The main characters of this non fiction, classics story are Irenaeus, Heraclas. 11. He who held the second place ended his life by strangling, suffering thus according to a certain demoniacal prediction, on account of his many daring crimes. 2. 7. 8. Click anywhere in the Our account will begin at this point. 5. 2. Scarcely had he done this when the entire empire was divided; a thing which is not recorded as having ever occurred before.