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20 Jan 2021

According to Merriam-Webster, "The term was first used in the 17th century to refer to a small body of musketeers who fired together in a volley alternately with another platoon. Almost all smaller formations are based on the designations of those reforms, which originally suggested tactical flexibility by keeping the size of small units in round numbers (10, 20, 100). Each platoon was divided into four sections, each commanded by a corporal. The corporals, and the sergeant, prior to the increase to two corporals per section, led the two squads of the section. A captain (Hauptmann) is the platoon leader, assisted by a first lieutenant and each squad has a second lieutenant or a master sergeant in charge, often supported by a long-service sergeant or skilled senior corporal. A typical infantry platoon consists of three seven-man sections of riflemen and a machine gun team, both commanded by Third Sergeants, a platoon sergeant and a platoon medic for a total of 27 soldiers. In so doing, the sergeants acted as "file closers", working the line by putting men forward to replace casualties in the front rank, exhorting men to fire, reload, move forward, etc. In infantry units, rifle platoons are generally made up of five squads. https://www.britannica.com/topic/platoon-military-unit. [14], Tank platoons prior to the late 1980s consisted of a platoon headquarters squad and three tank squads, each consisting of one T-64, T-72 or T-80 tank for 12 personnel and 4 tanks total; platoons that used the older T-54, T-55 or T-62s added another crewmember for a total of 16. The basic infantry section was led by a Corporal with a Lance Corporal as his assistant, it was split into two groups with the first being the … Lieutenant. Docs » Infantry Battle Drills ... or setting up a support by fire position for a platoon level action. Known as the ‘British Expedition The Platoon HQ doesn't have the 2 runners … These are three 11-man rifle squads, one 8-man command squad (consisting of platoon commander, sergeant, radio operator, 2 assistants and a 3-man weapons team) and one 9-man machinegun squad.[17]. Two or more platoons make up a company, which has 100 to 250 soldiers and is commanded by a captain or a major. Every unit in the British Army needs REME personnel to repair, recover and maintain its vehicles and equipment. Three Züge make up a Kompanie ("company"). In armored vehicle units, platoons consist of sections containing two or three vehicles and their crews: In low altitude air defense (LAAD) batteries, the firing platoons consist of three sections, each consisting of a section leader and five two-man Stinger missile teams. Those soldiers are divided into 2–4 "classes" ("Kitot") or teams ("Tzvatim"), each composing of 6–21 soldiers. The Israel Defense Forces uses platoons (Hebrew: "mahlakot", literally "divisions") as the basic unit composing the company and usually consists of 30 to 65 soldiers (or 3–4 tanks in the Armored Corps). The platoon may also have three MAG 58 general-purpose machine guns, one M2 Browning heavy machine gun or a Mk 19 grenade launcher at its disposal. Within the Colombian Army, a training platoon (in Spanish pelotón) is often commanded by a higher-ranking soldier known as a dragoneante, who is selected for his excellence in discipline and soldiering skills. The platoon was reintroduced into the British Army in 1913. On 1 October 1913, under a scheme by General Sir Ivor Maxse, the regular battalions of the British Army were reorganised from the previous eight companies to a four-company structure, with each company having four platoons as separate units each commanded by a lieutenant with a platoon sergeant as his deputy. These platoons are the elementary small unit of the Armoured Infantry Battalion. Leading your team of engineering experts, you’ll be helping to make the world a safer, better place. One rifle per fireteam has an attached 40mm grenade launcher; one of the grenadiers is the lance corporal. In artillery batteries, the firing platoon consists of six artillery sections, each containing one gun with its crew and prime mover (i.e., a truck to tow the artillery piece and transport the gun crew and baggage). Center of Military History. A corps should not be confused with those units of the arms of service which had corps in their title, Royal Army Medical Corps, Army Service Corps etc. In the French military : A British Army Group in the First World War. Both weapons have been modified in light of operational experience. These are the British Army's standard combat weapons. The Weapons Company is usually led by a first lieutenant (O-2) and a gunnery sergeant (E-7) due to the generally larger number of Marines (up to 69 in the 81mm mortar platoon) in these platoons (the heavy machinegun platoon being the exception with only 28 members) and the more complex weapon systems employed. The platoon was organized into a six-man platoon headquarters (including the platoon commander, a sergeant as "assistant to platoon commander", and four privates as "runners" or messengers) and four sections. For other uses, see, communications platoon (USA headquarters and headquarters company [HHC], airborne, air Assault, and light infantry battalions), Maintenance platoon (USA HHC mechanized infantry/combined arms battalion), Reglement concernant l'exercice et les manoeuvres de l'infanterie. A platoon is a military unit typically composed of two or more squads/sections/patrols. The British Army rifle platoon consists of a platoon headquarters and 3 rifle sections. Platoon, principal subdivision of a military company, battery, or troop. Finally, "peloton d'exécution" is the French term for a firing squad. A motorised rifle platoon in the Soviet Armed Forces was mounted in either BTR armoured personnel carriers or BMP infantry fighting vehicles, with the former being more numerous into the late 1980s. Platoon organization varies depending on the country and the branch, but a platoon generally comprises 50 people, although specific platoons may range from 9[1] to 100 men.[2]. Military unit size, usually composed of two or more squads or equivalent units, This article is about a type of military unit. In the 18th century, battalions were often organized for tactical purposes into 16 platoons of about 24 men each, plus 2 or 4 platoons of grenadiers or light infantry. By the end of World War I in 1918, the rifle platoon had expanded to its largest size in U.S. Army history into a unit of 59 soldiers. Field artillery platoons, led by a lieutenant (who rode his own horse), with two or three to a battery, normally consisted of two gun sections. The “platoon system” in municipal police and U.S. baseball and gridiron-football organizations signifies the use of two or more shifts or teams of comparable strength that alternate on duty. Under normal circumstances expect a British infantry platoon to resemble the organisation in the following diagram: Note: In addition to the above, infantry platoons deploying on operations have a range of other weapons and systems available to them More recently, the designated marksman of each Australian fireteam has been issued the HK417 in Afghanistan and possibly afterwards. You learn what’s expected of a British Army Officer and how to lead soldiers on and off the battlefield. Each section has two fireteams of four men, one led by the corporal and the other by the lance corporal. This is a list of equipment of the British Army currently in use. [4] In the French Army in the 1670s, a battalion was divided into 18 platoons who were grouped into three "firings"; each platoon in the firing either actually firing or reloading. The "Riflemen" and "Automatic Riflemen" sections were each led by a sergeant and divided into two squads of eight and seven men each, respectively, including a corporal to lead each squad. Each of these three platoons is divided into sections. - A peloton is a mainly a term designating an infantry unit. There is also in the HQ's TO&E a designated marksman rifle—either an SVD or a Szép sniper rifle. A rifle company weapons platoon has a 60mm mortar section of 13 Marines with three M224 LWCMS 60mm mortar squads, an assault section of 13 Marines and six SMAW rocket launchers divided into three squads of two teams each, and a medium machine gun section of 22 Marines and six M240G general-purpose machine guns divided into three squads of two teams each. The weapons platoon typically provides heavy weapons support to the company and includes mortar, anti-armor and heavy machine guns organically. The headquarters consists of a Platoon Leader (PL)--usually a First Lieutenant[20] (1LT), a Platoon Sergeant (PSG)--usually a Sergeant First Class (SFC, E-7), a radio-telephone operator (RTO), a platoon forward observer (FO), the FO's RTO, and the platoon medic. The Georgian Armed Forces equivalent of the platoon is the so-called Ozeuli. The British Army fought all around the world throughout the Second World War. Cavalry platoons had a similar organization to the infantry, but with fewer men; platoons rarely exceeded around 33 men, including the lieutenant, sergeants and corporals. It is normally held for 1 to 2 years. Sections are the smallest components in the Indian army consisting of ten men and commanded by a Havildar.[13]. The function of administration is introduced at this level,…, …a company headquarters, three rifle platoons of three squads each, and a weapons platoon in which were placed light, crew-served weapons for close-fire support. The platoon is the smallest military unit commanded by a commissioned officer—and all officers graduating from the IDF's Officer's Academy receive a "platoon commander" pin, even if they are not intended to command a platoon. After this, you'll be a capable tactician, as well as physically and mentally robust. Add to basket. Description Reviews (0) Description. The German Army equivalent of the platoon is the Zug (same word as for train, draught, move or streak), consisting of a Zugtrupp ("platoon troop" or platoon headquarters squad), of four to six men, and three squads (Gruppen) of eight to eleven men each. The executive officer, when assigned, or usually the junior lieutenant and the first sergeant were normally positioned behind the battle line so as to assist the company commander in overseeing the company and managing the rear (company trains, including the wagoner and company supply wagon - under the supervision of the quartermaster sergeant, as well as casualties, enemy prisoners, non-combatants, deserters, etc.). The Infantry Battalion Consists of a Headquarters and Support Company (H&S) Three Rifle Companies and one Weapons Company. Establishment: circa 100,000; Commanded by a General [7] Due to a shortage of officers, a non-commissioned officer rank of Platoon Sergeant Major was introduced from 1938 to 1940 for experienced non-commissioned officers who were given command of platoons. Although the basic platoon structure has remained the same since the maneuver support section was removed in 2001, the particulars of the section-level structure and equipment were updated in 2018 going into 2019. British Army Platoon. Each squad and the platoon headquarters is equipped with an BTR-80 Armoured personnel carrier. Platoons are commanded by a … In a few armies, such as the French Army, a platoon is specifically a cavalry unit, and the infantry use "section" as the equivalent unit. [5] The system was also used in the British, Austrian, Russian and Dutch armies.[6]. Pathfinders … Add to Wishlist. An Infantry Battalion will also contain an organic Support Company (Mortars, Machine-Guns etc.) Great quality, good size. Usually commanded by a lieutenant, it consists of from 25 to 50 men organized into two or more sections, or squads, led by noncommissioned officers. 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