Despite calls from both local and international opinion leaders, Carrie Lam and both police commissioners Stephen Lo and Chris Tang rejected the formation of an independent committee. In a Facebook post, the Hong Kong edition of state-run China Daily suggested the protesters would launch a terrorist attack on 11 September 2019, producing as sole evidence a screenshot which it claimed to be from a group chat message on Telegram. Some protesters used these tactics on police officers and their families and uploaded their personal information online.  The deployment of undercover officers who were suspected of committing arson and vandalism also generated controversy, and the ability of police officers to identify the differences between ordinary protesters and undercover officers was questioned. Tsai's rejection of the principle enabled her to gain support from young voters. , The inclusion of mainland China in the amendment is of concern to Hong Kong society; citizens, academics and the legal profession fear the removal of the separation of the region's jurisdiction from the legal system administered by the Communist Party would erode the "one country, two systems" principle in practice since the 1997 handover; furthermore, Hong Kong citizens lack confidence in China's judiciary system and human rights protection due to its history of suppressing political dissent. , Protesters reported suffering brain haemorrhage and bone fractures after being violently arrested by the police.  A survey, on social media, of more than 1,000 people by the Chinese University of Hong Kong found that 38 per cent were troubled by depression-related problems.  The unprecedented electoral success of the pro-democracy voters, the mass arrests during the PolyU siege, and faster response by police contributed to a decrease in the intensity and frequency of the protests in December 2019 and January 2020. Hong Kong officials insisted that the decision to bar Roth from entry had been made in Hong Kong, not in mainland China.  Some restaurants saw their customers cancel bookings, and certain banks and shops were forced to close their doors. Nearly two million people have taken part in a mass protest in Hong Kong against a controversial extradition bill, organisers say. The CHRF claimed attendance of at least 1.7 million people.  In May 2020, the authorities announced they would recruit more personnel from the other five disciplinary services and bring the total number of special constables to 700. After the Yuen Long attack, no assailant was charged for weeks after the event, while young protesters were charged with rioting within several days. Demand for property also declined, as overall property transactions dropped by 24 per cent when compared with the Umbrella Revolution; Property developers were forced to slash prices.  Family relationships were strained, as children argued with their parents over their attending protests, either because they felt that the protests reflected outdated values, or they disagreed with their parent's political stance or the manner of the protests. Breaking news, analysis and opinion from the SCMP's Hong Kong edition.  The attack was often seen as the turning point for the movement, as it crippled people's confidence in the police and turned a lot of citizens who were politically neutral or apathetic against the police.  By early June 2020, the number of officers doxed on social media was estimated at 1,752. 525) to establish a mechanism for case-by-case transfers of fugitives, on the order of the chief executive, to any jurisdiction with which the city lacks a formal extradition treaty.  Protesters commonly used LIHKG, an online forum similar to Reddit, as well as Telegram, an optionally end-to-end encrypted messaging service to communicate and brainstorm ideas for protests and to make collective decisions.  Protesters also directed violence towards undercover officers suspected to be agents provocateurs. ", "Hong Kong being dragged down 'path of no return' says Carrie Lam, as she calls protests an attack on Beijing's sovereignty", "Exclusive: 'If I have a choice, the first thing is to quit' – Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam – transcript", "Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam responds to audio recording where she discusses quitting", "Hong Kong's Carrie Lam: 'I am no puppet of Beijing, "Protests, Politics and Challenges to Hong Kong's Rule of Law", "Hong Kong judge removed from protest-related cases after expressing sympathy with attacker", "Hong Kong Police Strain Under Pressure to Solve Political Crisis", "From 'Asia's finest' to 'black dogs': Hong Kong police under pressure", "Why the Mutually Assured Destruction Rhetoric in Hong Kong Is Dangerous", "Protests, clashes and lack of trust: the new normal for Hong Kong", "From 'Asia's finest' to 'public enemy no.1,' Hong Kong's police force are in a paralysed state of confusion", "Police luster fades, sinks to seven-year low", "Hong Kong's ranking in global law and order index plunges from fifth place to 82nd on the heels of last year's unrest", "Our research in Hong Kong reveals what people really think of the protesters – and the police", "From Asia's Finest to Hong Kong's Most Hated", "Hong Kong police issue extendable batons to off-duty officers, but critics concerned over potential for abuse", "Hong Kong's violent protests show no sign of stopping. While the government, the police and government supporters criticised the protesters for breaking the law and using violence to "extort" the government to accept the demands, the protesters and their sympathisers felt that lack of police oversight, selective law enforcement, selective prosecution, police brutality, and the government's blanket denial of all police wrongdoings all harmed rule of law and expressed their disappointment that the law cannot help them achieve justice. After several minor protests in March and April 2019. This resulted in the first use of live rounds by police.  In June 2020, on the first anniversary of mass protests in Hong Kong, a statement released by HRW said that the governments of both China and Hong Kong should respect fundamental rights of people.  In January 2021, the police arrested more than 50 individuals, all of whom were candidates in the primaries for "subverting state power". Affected by the controversies surrounding the police force's handling of the protests, between June 2019 to February 2020, 446 police officers quit (which was 40 per cent higher than the figure in 2018), and the force only managed to recruit 760 officers (40 per cent lower than the previous year), falling well short of the police force's expectations. , Police modified the Police General Orders by removing the sentence "officers will be accountable for their own actions" ahead of the 1 October 2019 confrontation.  Chemical residues were found on different public facilities in various neighbourhoods.  Following the passing of the national security law, The New York Times announced that it would relocate its digital team's office to Seoul, as the law has "unsettled news organisations and created uncertainty about the city's prospects as a hub for journalism in Asia". Can that really be true? Hong Kong is facing a major political crisis as it heads into a 10th week of mass demonstrations. These protests are driven by desperation", "Arrests, Tear Gas and Uncertainty: Scenes From Hong Kong's Summer of Unrest", "The turmoil in Hong Kong stems in part from its unaffordable housing", "A lack of affordable housing feeds Hong Kong's discontent", "Hong Kong named world's most expensive city to buy a home", "Hong Kong is one of the most unequal cities in the world. It has been suspected of tampering with evidence, giving false testimony before court, and coercing false confessions from arrestees. Months of mass demonstrations veering between peaceful rallies and brutal violence has some residents wondering if the city can ever be the same again Confrontations escalated and intensified – police brutality and misconduct allegations increased, while some protesters started using petrol bombs and vandalising pro-Beijing establishments and symbols representing the government. ", "Fresh Hong Kong rallies as police call teenager shooting 'lawful, "Anger as Hong Kong bans face masks at protests", "The Hong Kong government tried to ban face masks.  The results were a resounding landslide victory for the pro-democracy bloc, as they saw their seat share increased from 30% to almost 88%, with a jump in vote share from 40% to 57%. Lower consumer spending caused several luxury brands to delay shop openings, while other brands quit.  In October 2019, a survey conducted by CUHK revealed that more than 50 per cent of respondents were deeply dissatisfied with the police's performance.  Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office director Zhang Xiaoming was demoted and replaced by Xia Baolong in February 2020. As of October 15, 2019, the protests have begun their 19th consecutive week.  The police, fire service, hospital authority and the government all denied the accusation. 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