. Others endured on their bowels and privy members shameful and inhuman and unmentionable torments, which the noble and law-observing judges, to show their severity, devised, as more honorable manifestations of wisdom. 6. And regarding with indifference the terrible things and the multiform tortures, they declared themselves boldly and undauntedly for the religion of the God of the universe. 4. For 'he counted it not a prize to be on an equality with God, but emptied himself taking the form of a servant; and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself unto death, even the death of the cross.' 3. Neither, although they kept quiet, and bore the bitter servitude, was there any relief from the murderous cruelty of the tyrant. He has shortened the days of his time, and besides all, has poured out shame upon him. But he has deprived him of purification, and has cast his throne to the ground. Besides all this he excelled in deeds of piety and in the confession of the Christ of God, and was adorned with the diadem of martyrdom. The martyrdoms of the rest, though they were not inferior to his, we will pass by for the sake of brevity, recording only that Dorotheus and Gorgonius, with many others of the royal household, after varied sufferings, ended their lives by strangling, and bore away the trophies of God-given victory. 9. And one could see the rulers in every church accorded the greatest favor by all officers and governors. J.E.L. And the women were not less manly than the men in behalf of the teaching of the Divine Word, as they endured conflicts with the men, and bore away equal prizes of virtue. For in some way such arrogance had seized them and such stupidity had overtaken them, that they did not follow the ancient institutions which possibly their own ancestors had formerly established, but made for themselves laws according to their own purpose, as each one desired, and observed them, and thus assembled as separate congregations in various places. 2. 1. But as yet the instigator of this plot proceeded with moderation, and ventured so far as blood only in some instances; for the multitude of believers, as it is likely, made him afraid, and deterred him from waging war at once against all. From this last country many went into other cities and provinces, and became illustrious through martyrdom. And those who placed him on the pyre were not permitted to desist until, after such sufferings, he should assent to the things commanded. Coet. Then truly a great many rulers of the churches eagerly endured terrible sufferings, and furnished examples of noble conflicts. 2. Of the rest each one endured different forms of torture. For the men endured fire and sword and crucifixion and wild beasts and the depths of the sea, and cutting off of limbs, and burnings, and pricking and digging out of eyes, and mutilations of the entire body, and besides these, hunger and mines and bonds. He took away from the wealthy the property which they had inherited from their ancestors, and bestowed vast riches and large sums of money on the flatterers about him. For the chief of sorcerers and magicians were honored by him with the highest rank. 11. Video. Melted lead, bubbling and boiling with the heat, was poured down the backs of others, and they were roasted in the most sensitive parts of the body. These indeed should be admired. Among the other things which we have ordained for the public advantage and profit, we formerly wished to restore everything to conformity with the ancient laws and public discipline of the Romans, and to provide that the Christians also, who have forsaken the religion of their ancestors, should return to a good disposition. 2. As for the rulers of the Church that suffered martyrdom in the principal cities, the first martyr of the kingdom of Christ whom we shall mention among the monuments of the pious is Anthimus, bishop of the city of Nicomedia, who was beheaded. 9. The imperial decrees were published in the cities, containing the revocation of the acts against us in the following form: 3. Keyboarding. Hide browse bar Eusebius of Caesarea ~ 340 AD CHURCH HISTORY :Index. 12. 3. Then those who were highest in the government, and had held the position ten or twenty years, passed their time in tranquil peace, in festivals and public games and most joyful pleasures and cheer. Audio. And as he in nowise harmed them, they let loose other wild beasts upon them. For a severe sickness came upon the chief of those of whom we have spoken, by which his understanding was distracted; and with him who was honored with the second rank, he retired into private life. It is time to consider what took place after these events. He was the first whose decrees and statues and public monuments were destroyed because of his wickedness and impiety. The last of these, with others, was made food for wild beasts at Emesa, and was thus received into the ranks of martyrs. Oulton. Putnam's Press; Harvard University Press. 4. A great multitude of martyrs were added to him, a conflagration having broken out in those very days in the palace at Nicomedia, I know not how, which through a false suspicion was laid to our people. It is possible, as Mason suggests, that in the copies of the edict which were designed for other parts of the empire than his own the names of all four emperors appeared. As if the earth could not bear such excellence, the worshipers of demons commanded to cast them into the sea. He urged her many times, but although she was ready to die, he could not put her to death, for his desire was stronger than his anger. The other two glorified the word of God at Antioch through patience unto death. 4. But with manly and philosophic minds, or rather with pious and God-loving souls, they persevered against all the threats and insults of the judge; and both of them were beheaded. To mention each by name would be a long task, if not indeed impossible. And no one expected anything else than to be attacked by enemies any day. 18. But after this, Licinius was declared emperor and Augustus by a common vote of the rulers. All his subjects, people and rulers, honored and obscure, were worn out by grievous oppression. For a long time the man-devouring beasts did not dare to touch or draw near the bodies of those dear to God, but rushed upon the others who from the outside irritated and urged them on. 5. It would be impossible to recount the number of senators who were put to death for the sake of their wealth; multitudes being slain on various pretenses. 2. EUSEBIUS PAMPHILI: ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY, BOOKS 6-10 | ROY J. DEFERRARI | download | Z-Library. Another protested that he had not sacrificed and never would. For he has exalted the right hand of his enemies, and has turned back the help of his sword, and has not taken his part in the war. The edict is an acknowledgment of defeat on Galerius' part, and was undoubtedly caused in large part by a superstitious desire, brought on by his sickness, to propitiate the God of the Christians whom he had been unable to conquer. Moreover, he conducted himself toward all most favorably and beneficently. For such things were humane in their sight, and the lightest of punishments for us. Lawlor. Another, though he had not approached at all, nor touched any polluted thing, when others said that he had sacrificed, went away, bearing the accusation in silence. Therefore he persecuted us more violently and incessantly than his predecessors. 6. Oulton. Some, raised on high by the feet, with their heads down, while a gentle fire burned beneath them, were suffocated by the smoke which arose from the burning wood, as was done in Mesopotamia. Such an one was he. But when he made the attack more boldly, it is impossible to relate how many and what sort of martyrs of God could be seen, among the inhabitants of all the cities and countries. He therefore, being exceedingly imperious, seized the dignity for himself, and became Augustus, being made such by himself. Download Eusebius the Church History Books now!Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Once, on a small pretense, he gave the people to be slaughtered by his guards; and a great multitude of the Roman populace were slain in the midst of the city, with the spears and arms, not of Scythians and barbarians, but of their own fellow citizens. 34. For when the commander, whoever he was, began to persecute the soldiers, separating into tribes and purging those who were enrolled in the army, giving them the choice either by obeying to receive the honor which belonged to them, or on the other hand to be deprived of it if they disobeyed the command, a great many soldiers of Christ's kingdom, without hesitation, instantly preferred the confession of him to the seeming glory and prosperity which they were enjoying. Who that saw them was not astonished at the numberless stripes, and at the firmness which these truly wonderful athletes of religion exhibited under them? Click anywhere in the And since many continue in the same folly, and we perceive that they neither offer to the heavenly gods the worship which is due, nor pay regard to the God of the Christians, in consideration of our philanthropy and our invariable custom, by which we are wont to extend pardon to all, we have determined that we ought most cheerfully to extend our indulgence in this matter also; that they may again be Christians, and may rebuild the conventicles in which they were accustomed to assemble, on condition that nothing be done by them contrary to discipline. Then, truly, according to the word of Jeremiah, The Lord in his wrath darkened the daughter of Zion, and cast down the glory of Israel from heaven to earth, and remembered not his foot-stool in the day of his anger. --> Entire families of the pious in that place were put to death in masses at the royal command, some by the sword, and others by fire. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Eusebius: The Church History. You could have seen a youth not twenty years of age standing unbound and stretching out his hands in the form of a cross, with unterrified and untrembling mind, engaged earnestly in prayer to God, and not in the least going back or retreating from the place where he stood, while bears and leopards, breathing rage and death, almost touched his flesh. The virtue of his manly deeds we have recorded in the proper place. Of the martyrs in Phœnicia the most distinguished were those devoted pastors of the spiritual flocks of Christ: Tyrannion, bishop of the church of Tyre; Zenobius, a presbyter of the church at Sidon; and Silvanus, bishop of the churches about Emesa. 8. 2. They then listened to her advice. Then the torturers, as commanded, lacerated with instruments their entire bodies; not only their sides, as in the case of murderers, but also their stomachs and knees and cheeks. 1. vaguest information in regard to the progress of affairs at Nicomedia, and has no knowledge of the actual order and connection of events. (To help fight spam, this address might change occasionally.) And they received the final sentence of death with joy and laughter and cheerfulness; so that they sang and offered up hymns and thanksgivings to the God of the universe till their very last breath. 16. He therefore punished her with exile, and took away all her property. Book I. But how can any one describe those vast assemblies, and the multitude that crowded together in every city, and the famous gatherings in the houses of prayer; on whose account not being satisfied with the ancient buildings they erected from the foundation large churches in all the cities? 3. For we might tell of many who showed admirable zeal for the religion of the God of the universe, not only from the beginning of the general persecution, but long before that time, while yet peace prevailed. Such also was Phileas, bishop of the church of Thmuis, a man eminent on account of his patriotism and the services rendered by him to his country, and also on account of his philosophical learning. And they would not in the least touch the holy athletes, as they stood alone and naked and shook their hands at them to draw them toward themselves — for they were commanded to do this. 6. Since great envy was excited on their account, every means was used to find them in their concealment; and when it was ascertained that they were away, they were summoned deceitfully to Antioch. 8. Translated by … 4. IX. And new tortures were continually invented, as if they were endeavoring, by surpassing one another, to gain prizes in a contest. Eusebius of Caesarea was a fourth-century Church Historian with his main work Ecclesiastical Church History. Who is there that would hesitate, after careful examination, to pronounce the persecution against us the cause of such evils? A certain holy person, — in soul admirable for virtue, in body a woman — who was illustrious beyond all in Antioch for wealth and family and reputation, had brought up in the principles of religion her two daughters, who were now in the freshness and bloom of life. Maps Appendix B. Eusebius’s Bishop Lists and Chronology Glossary Selected Bibliography Index Nominum (Index of Names) Index Locorum (Eusebius’s Sources) And he not only practiced this against the obscure and unknown, but he insulted especially the most prominent and distinguished members of the Roman senate. Others half dead were shut up in prison, and suffering with their agonies, they died in a few days; but the rest, recovering under the care which they received, gained confidence by time and their long detention in prison. 11. An illustration of an audio speaker. And by her deeds, more powerfully than by any words, she has shown to all men now and hereafter that the virtue which prevails among Christians is the only invincible and indestructible possession. Lawlor. And this was done to them. In these conflicts the noble martyrs of Christ shone illustrious over the entire world, and everywhere astonished those who beheld their manliness; and the evidences of the truly divine and unspeakable power of our Saviour were made manifest through them. 17. All these things were fulfilled in us, when we saw with our own eyes the houses of prayer thrown down to the very foundations, and the Divine and Sacred Scriptures committed to the flames in the midst of the market-places, and the shepherds of the churches basely hidden here and there, and some of them captured ignominiously, and mocked by their enemies. For the sea could not be navigated, nor could men sail from any port without being exposed to all kinds of outrages; being stretched on the rack and lacerated in their sides, that it might be ascertained through various tortures, whether they came from the enemy; and finally being subjected to punishment by the cross or by fire. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. As this went on, some died under the tortures, shaming the adversary by their constancy. 5. For some, with their hands bound behind them, were suspended on the stocks, and every member stretched by certain machines. 1. 11. Of these, moreover, only the one referred to a little above by us, with those who afterward shared in the government, finally published openly to all the above-mentioned confession, in the written edict which he issued. One could not but be astonished at the invincible firmness of these holy men, and the enduring and immovable constancy of those whose bodies were young. The best known among them were Eusebius of Nicomedia (called by Arius the brother of Eusebius of Cæsarea), Eusebius of Emesa, and Eusebius of Samosata. Sometimes more than ten, at other times above twenty were put to death. For they understood that our Lord Jesus Christ had become man on our account, that he might cut off all sin and furnish us with the means of entrance into eternal life. 2. Lawlor. The Epistle of Adrian, decreeing that we should not be punished without a Trial CHAPTER 10. What words could sufficiently describe the greatness and abundance of the prosperity of the Roman government before the war against us, while the rulers were friendly and peaceable toward us? For he supposed that the others could be taken easily if he should first attack and subdue these. Honorable on account of wealth and family and education, she esteemed all of these inferior to chastity. And to all jugglers, as if they were pious and beloved of the gods, he granted governments and the greatest privileges. So that now on account of this kindly treatment accorded us by the impious, it was impossible to tell the incalculable number of those whose right eyes had first been cut out with the sword, and then had been cauterized with fire; or who had been disabled in the left foot by burning the joints, and afterward condemned to the provincial copper mines, not so much for service as for distress and hardship. 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20 Jan 2021

Eusebius of Caesarea. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. 2. They were scraped over the entire body with shells instead of hooks until they died. H.J. 8. All that pass by have plundered the multitude of the people; and he has become besides a reproach to his neighbors. But this man, first in that place, after distinguishing himself in such a manner suffered those things which were likely to follow such daring, and kept his spirit cheerful and undisturbed till death. 5. 4. The bishop was thrown into the depths of the sea. Kirsopp Lake. And according to what was foretold in the Psalms: He has made void the covenant of his servant, and profaned his sanctuary to the earth — in the destruction of the churches — and has thrown down all his strongholds, and has made his fortresses cowardice. He urged on the army to live wantonly in every kind of revelry and intemperance, and encouraged the governors and generals to abuse their subjects with rapacity and covetousness, almost as if they were rulers with him. No envy hindered the progress of these affairs which advanced gradually, and grew and increased day by day. The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 416 pages and is available in Hardcover format. Some, shrinking from the trial, rather than be taken and fall into the hands of their enemies, threw themselves from lofty houses, considering death preferable to the cruelty of the impious. But we shall introduce into this history in general only those events which may be usefull first to ourselves and afterwards to posterity. Testimonies of the Ancients Against Eusebius. Besides all these, others encountered other trials, which it is impossible to recount; for their manly endurance surpasses all description. But there were two other virgins in the same city of Antioch who served God in all things, and were true sisters, illustrious in family and distinguished in life, young and blooming, serious in mind, pious in deportment, and admirable for zeal. One cried out and with a loud voice testified his rejection of the sacrifice; another shouted that he was a Christian, being resplendent in the confession of the saving Name. 4.8 out of 5 stars 9. 9.1", "denarius"). On this account he commanded his subjects to cease persecuting the Christians, pretending to religion that he might appear merciful and mild beyond his predecessors. 9. When we had issued this decree that they should return to the institutions established by the ancients, a great many submitted under danger, but a great many being harassed endured all kinds of death. 9. The end of his life was happy and thrice blessed. Especially since this extreme confusion of affairs did not cease until the Christians had obtained liberty. 14. 1. The body of one was scourged with rods. Click anywhere in the At Nicomedia, in the presence of the emperor, he proclaimed the heavenly kingdom of Christ, first in an oral defense, and afterwards by deeds as well. Revised and edited for New Advent by Kevin Knight. It was wonderful how akin he was in wickedness to the tyrant at Rome, or rather how far he surpassed him in it. ... Ecclesiastical Writers. He showed himself an emulator of his father's piety toward our doctrine. Turning, therefore, his thoughts toward himself, he first openly confessed to the God of the universe, and then summoning his attendants, he commanded that without delay they should stop the persecution of the Christians, and should by law and royal decree, urge them forward to build their churches and to perform their customary worship, offering prayers in behalf of the emperor. 7. . Others endured on their bowels and privy members shameful and inhuman and unmentionable torments, which the noble and law-observing judges, to show their severity, devised, as more honorable manifestations of wisdom. 6. And regarding with indifference the terrible things and the multiform tortures, they declared themselves boldly and undauntedly for the religion of the God of the universe. 4. For 'he counted it not a prize to be on an equality with God, but emptied himself taking the form of a servant; and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself unto death, even the death of the cross.' 3. Neither, although they kept quiet, and bore the bitter servitude, was there any relief from the murderous cruelty of the tyrant. He has shortened the days of his time, and besides all, has poured out shame upon him. But he has deprived him of purification, and has cast his throne to the ground. Besides all this he excelled in deeds of piety and in the confession of the Christ of God, and was adorned with the diadem of martyrdom. The martyrdoms of the rest, though they were not inferior to his, we will pass by for the sake of brevity, recording only that Dorotheus and Gorgonius, with many others of the royal household, after varied sufferings, ended their lives by strangling, and bore away the trophies of God-given victory. 9. And one could see the rulers in every church accorded the greatest favor by all officers and governors. J.E.L. And the women were not less manly than the men in behalf of the teaching of the Divine Word, as they endured conflicts with the men, and bore away equal prizes of virtue. For in some way such arrogance had seized them and such stupidity had overtaken them, that they did not follow the ancient institutions which possibly their own ancestors had formerly established, but made for themselves laws according to their own purpose, as each one desired, and observed them, and thus assembled as separate congregations in various places. 2. 1. But as yet the instigator of this plot proceeded with moderation, and ventured so far as blood only in some instances; for the multitude of believers, as it is likely, made him afraid, and deterred him from waging war at once against all. From this last country many went into other cities and provinces, and became illustrious through martyrdom. And those who placed him on the pyre were not permitted to desist until, after such sufferings, he should assent to the things commanded. Coet. Then truly a great many rulers of the churches eagerly endured terrible sufferings, and furnished examples of noble conflicts. 2. Of the rest each one endured different forms of torture. For the men endured fire and sword and crucifixion and wild beasts and the depths of the sea, and cutting off of limbs, and burnings, and pricking and digging out of eyes, and mutilations of the entire body, and besides these, hunger and mines and bonds. He took away from the wealthy the property which they had inherited from their ancestors, and bestowed vast riches and large sums of money on the flatterers about him. For the chief of sorcerers and magicians were honored by him with the highest rank. 11. Video. Melted lead, bubbling and boiling with the heat, was poured down the backs of others, and they were roasted in the most sensitive parts of the body. These indeed should be admired. Among the other things which we have ordained for the public advantage and profit, we formerly wished to restore everything to conformity with the ancient laws and public discipline of the Romans, and to provide that the Christians also, who have forsaken the religion of their ancestors, should return to a good disposition. 2. As for the rulers of the Church that suffered martyrdom in the principal cities, the first martyr of the kingdom of Christ whom we shall mention among the monuments of the pious is Anthimus, bishop of the city of Nicomedia, who was beheaded. 9. The imperial decrees were published in the cities, containing the revocation of the acts against us in the following form: 3. Keyboarding. Hide browse bar Eusebius of Caesarea ~ 340 AD CHURCH HISTORY :Index. 12. 3. Then those who were highest in the government, and had held the position ten or twenty years, passed their time in tranquil peace, in festivals and public games and most joyful pleasures and cheer. Audio. And as he in nowise harmed them, they let loose other wild beasts upon them. For a severe sickness came upon the chief of those of whom we have spoken, by which his understanding was distracted; and with him who was honored with the second rank, he retired into private life. It is time to consider what took place after these events. He was the first whose decrees and statues and public monuments were destroyed because of his wickedness and impiety. The last of these, with others, was made food for wild beasts at Emesa, and was thus received into the ranks of martyrs. Oulton. Putnam's Press; Harvard University Press. 4. A great multitude of martyrs were added to him, a conflagration having broken out in those very days in the palace at Nicomedia, I know not how, which through a false suspicion was laid to our people. It is possible, as Mason suggests, that in the copies of the edict which were designed for other parts of the empire than his own the names of all four emperors appeared. As if the earth could not bear such excellence, the worshipers of demons commanded to cast them into the sea. He urged her many times, but although she was ready to die, he could not put her to death, for his desire was stronger than his anger. The other two glorified the word of God at Antioch through patience unto death. 4. But with manly and philosophic minds, or rather with pious and God-loving souls, they persevered against all the threats and insults of the judge; and both of them were beheaded. To mention each by name would be a long task, if not indeed impossible. And no one expected anything else than to be attacked by enemies any day. 18. But after this, Licinius was declared emperor and Augustus by a common vote of the rulers. All his subjects, people and rulers, honored and obscure, were worn out by grievous oppression. For a long time the man-devouring beasts did not dare to touch or draw near the bodies of those dear to God, but rushed upon the others who from the outside irritated and urged them on. 5. It would be impossible to recount the number of senators who were put to death for the sake of their wealth; multitudes being slain on various pretenses. 2. EUSEBIUS PAMPHILI: ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY, BOOKS 6-10 | ROY J. DEFERRARI | download | Z-Library. Another protested that he had not sacrificed and never would. For he has exalted the right hand of his enemies, and has turned back the help of his sword, and has not taken his part in the war. The edict is an acknowledgment of defeat on Galerius' part, and was undoubtedly caused in large part by a superstitious desire, brought on by his sickness, to propitiate the God of the Christians whom he had been unable to conquer. Moreover, he conducted himself toward all most favorably and beneficently. For such things were humane in their sight, and the lightest of punishments for us. Lawlor. Another, though he had not approached at all, nor touched any polluted thing, when others said that he had sacrificed, went away, bearing the accusation in silence. Therefore he persecuted us more violently and incessantly than his predecessors. 6. Oulton. Some, raised on high by the feet, with their heads down, while a gentle fire burned beneath them, were suffocated by the smoke which arose from the burning wood, as was done in Mesopotamia. Such an one was he. But when he made the attack more boldly, it is impossible to relate how many and what sort of martyrs of God could be seen, among the inhabitants of all the cities and countries. He therefore, being exceedingly imperious, seized the dignity for himself, and became Augustus, being made such by himself. Download Eusebius the Church History Books now!Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Once, on a small pretense, he gave the people to be slaughtered by his guards; and a great multitude of the Roman populace were slain in the midst of the city, with the spears and arms, not of Scythians and barbarians, but of their own fellow citizens. 34. For when the commander, whoever he was, began to persecute the soldiers, separating into tribes and purging those who were enrolled in the army, giving them the choice either by obeying to receive the honor which belonged to them, or on the other hand to be deprived of it if they disobeyed the command, a great many soldiers of Christ's kingdom, without hesitation, instantly preferred the confession of him to the seeming glory and prosperity which they were enjoying. Who that saw them was not astonished at the numberless stripes, and at the firmness which these truly wonderful athletes of religion exhibited under them? Click anywhere in the And since many continue in the same folly, and we perceive that they neither offer to the heavenly gods the worship which is due, nor pay regard to the God of the Christians, in consideration of our philanthropy and our invariable custom, by which we are wont to extend pardon to all, we have determined that we ought most cheerfully to extend our indulgence in this matter also; that they may again be Christians, and may rebuild the conventicles in which they were accustomed to assemble, on condition that nothing be done by them contrary to discipline. Then, truly, according to the word of Jeremiah, The Lord in his wrath darkened the daughter of Zion, and cast down the glory of Israel from heaven to earth, and remembered not his foot-stool in the day of his anger. --> Entire families of the pious in that place were put to death in masses at the royal command, some by the sword, and others by fire. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Eusebius: The Church History. You could have seen a youth not twenty years of age standing unbound and stretching out his hands in the form of a cross, with unterrified and untrembling mind, engaged earnestly in prayer to God, and not in the least going back or retreating from the place where he stood, while bears and leopards, breathing rage and death, almost touched his flesh. The virtue of his manly deeds we have recorded in the proper place. Of the martyrs in Phœnicia the most distinguished were those devoted pastors of the spiritual flocks of Christ: Tyrannion, bishop of the church of Tyre; Zenobius, a presbyter of the church at Sidon; and Silvanus, bishop of the churches about Emesa. 8. 2. They then listened to her advice. Then the torturers, as commanded, lacerated with instruments their entire bodies; not only their sides, as in the case of murderers, but also their stomachs and knees and cheeks. 1. vaguest information in regard to the progress of affairs at Nicomedia, and has no knowledge of the actual order and connection of events. (To help fight spam, this address might change occasionally.) And they received the final sentence of death with joy and laughter and cheerfulness; so that they sang and offered up hymns and thanksgivings to the God of the universe till their very last breath. 16. He therefore punished her with exile, and took away all her property. Book I. But how can any one describe those vast assemblies, and the multitude that crowded together in every city, and the famous gatherings in the houses of prayer; on whose account not being satisfied with the ancient buildings they erected from the foundation large churches in all the cities? 3. For we might tell of many who showed admirable zeal for the religion of the God of the universe, not only from the beginning of the general persecution, but long before that time, while yet peace prevailed. Such also was Phileas, bishop of the church of Thmuis, a man eminent on account of his patriotism and the services rendered by him to his country, and also on account of his philosophical learning. And they would not in the least touch the holy athletes, as they stood alone and naked and shook their hands at them to draw them toward themselves — for they were commanded to do this. 6. Since great envy was excited on their account, every means was used to find them in their concealment; and when it was ascertained that they were away, they were summoned deceitfully to Antioch. 8. Translated by … 4. IX. And new tortures were continually invented, as if they were endeavoring, by surpassing one another, to gain prizes in a contest. Eusebius of Caesarea was a fourth-century Church Historian with his main work Ecclesiastical Church History. Who is there that would hesitate, after careful examination, to pronounce the persecution against us the cause of such evils? A certain holy person, — in soul admirable for virtue, in body a woman — who was illustrious beyond all in Antioch for wealth and family and reputation, had brought up in the principles of religion her two daughters, who were now in the freshness and bloom of life. Maps Appendix B. Eusebius’s Bishop Lists and Chronology Glossary Selected Bibliography Index Nominum (Index of Names) Index Locorum (Eusebius’s Sources) And he not only practiced this against the obscure and unknown, but he insulted especially the most prominent and distinguished members of the Roman senate. Others half dead were shut up in prison, and suffering with their agonies, they died in a few days; but the rest, recovering under the care which they received, gained confidence by time and their long detention in prison. 11. An illustration of an audio speaker. And by her deeds, more powerfully than by any words, she has shown to all men now and hereafter that the virtue which prevails among Christians is the only invincible and indestructible possession. Lawlor. And this was done to them. In these conflicts the noble martyrs of Christ shone illustrious over the entire world, and everywhere astonished those who beheld their manliness; and the evidences of the truly divine and unspeakable power of our Saviour were made manifest through them. 17. All these things were fulfilled in us, when we saw with our own eyes the houses of prayer thrown down to the very foundations, and the Divine and Sacred Scriptures committed to the flames in the midst of the market-places, and the shepherds of the churches basely hidden here and there, and some of them captured ignominiously, and mocked by their enemies. For the sea could not be navigated, nor could men sail from any port without being exposed to all kinds of outrages; being stretched on the rack and lacerated in their sides, that it might be ascertained through various tortures, whether they came from the enemy; and finally being subjected to punishment by the cross or by fire. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. As this went on, some died under the tortures, shaming the adversary by their constancy. 5. For some, with their hands bound behind them, were suspended on the stocks, and every member stretched by certain machines. 1. 11. Of these, moreover, only the one referred to a little above by us, with those who afterward shared in the government, finally published openly to all the above-mentioned confession, in the written edict which he issued. One could not but be astonished at the invincible firmness of these holy men, and the enduring and immovable constancy of those whose bodies were young. The best known among them were Eusebius of Nicomedia (called by Arius the brother of Eusebius of Cæsarea), Eusebius of Emesa, and Eusebius of Samosata. Sometimes more than ten, at other times above twenty were put to death. For they understood that our Lord Jesus Christ had become man on our account, that he might cut off all sin and furnish us with the means of entrance into eternal life. 2. Lawlor. The Epistle of Adrian, decreeing that we should not be punished without a Trial CHAPTER 10. What words could sufficiently describe the greatness and abundance of the prosperity of the Roman government before the war against us, while the rulers were friendly and peaceable toward us? For he supposed that the others could be taken easily if he should first attack and subdue these. Honorable on account of wealth and family and education, she esteemed all of these inferior to chastity. And to all jugglers, as if they were pious and beloved of the gods, he granted governments and the greatest privileges. So that now on account of this kindly treatment accorded us by the impious, it was impossible to tell the incalculable number of those whose right eyes had first been cut out with the sword, and then had been cauterized with fire; or who had been disabled in the left foot by burning the joints, and afterward condemned to the provincial copper mines, not so much for service as for distress and hardship. 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