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20 Jan 2021

resources, Livelihood strategies, and Institutional processes and organizational structures. The livelihood strategy and programme were flexibly designed based on the results and conclusions of the above analyses and avoided the prescription of a blanket approach since there is a huge internal diversity in Somalia in terms of food insecurity variation by region and over time. Guaranteeing the safety and health of all agri-food … Since coping strategies are largely aimed at protecting livelihoods assets, they are not necessarily linked to maintaining or finding new food and income sources. Each community development project is attuned to … Section 6 is largely … We will now consider each one of these components. n ational and local field offices should use this Strategy as a foundation document to help them develop livelihoods programming specific to their context. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. Christian Social Council (CSC) to enhance livelihood strategies for poor women in urban areas. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Thus, it attempts to identify asset bases, livelihood strategy and desired goals of the poor in order to create an enabling environment to support them (Kim, 2011). Livelihood analysis is based on the assumption that the current livelihoods reflect people’s rational choices. Back in 2017, Kirt Hainzer was a Crawford Fund conference scholar from Central Queensland University. Tangible assets are resources and stores, and intangible assets are claims and access. The livelihood and community development projects implemented by HPPI have a holistic approach encompassing many components of health, education, skills training, capacity building and awareness. Drawing on an economic metaphor, such livelihood resources may be seen as the ‘capital’ base from which different productive streams are derived from which livelihoods are constructed. LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES Although livelihood diversification is an important strategy by which rural people may work to achieve sustainable livelihoods, it is one that generally operates in conjunction with other strategies which also contribute to the formation of sustainable livelihoods. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke natural-resource based activities, non-natural resource based and off-farm activities, migration and remittances, pensions and grants, intensificationversus diversification,and short-term versus long-term outcomes, some of which may compete. The livelihood strategy ‘three food crops, coffee and khat’ was associated with a wide range of capital assets, particularly having larger aggregate farm field size and learning from other farmers. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke natural-resource-based activities, nonnatural resource-based and off-farm activities, migration and remittances, pensions and grants, intensification versus diversification, and short-term versus long-term outcomes, some of which may compete. The core to livelihood analysis is integrating the strength of the villagers alongwith their need perception under vulnerable situation … Context Livelihood strategy Livelihood outcome (Source: Drinkwater & Rusinow 1999) 7 Introduction to the livelihoods framework CARE’s approach is similar to DFID in that it emphasises the dynamic interrelationships between different aspects of the framework. In this blog he gets back to what is central to all our work – rural livelihoods. It encompasses people’s capabilities, assets, income and activities required to secure the necessities of life. Source: Adapted from Maxwell (1999a). Few would deny the importance of the ideals of the 'sustainable livelihoods approach' - poverty reduction, reducing livelihood vulnerability, improving environmental sustainability, and … Two of the strategies which It is addressed to protection and … For example, changes in livestock migration … Livelihood promotion (improving resilience of household livelihoods, diversification of livelihood strategies, improving access to markets). The ability to pursue different livelihood strategies is dependent on the basic material and social, tangible and intangible assets that people have in their possession. To understand the complex and differentiated processes through which livelihoods are constructed, Scoones points out, it is insufficient just to analyse the different aspects; one must also analyse the institutional processes and organizational structures that link these various elements together. The vulnerability context refers to the full range of factors that can impact on … Workers from different unorganized … It is not feasible to carry out detailed livelihood profiles on a large scale, as they are time consuming and require the use of qualitative, participatory methods. o Contributing towards setting strategic directions, policies, plans and expected outcomes of issues related to vulnerable and tsunami affected populations. Livelihood strategies can be divided into natural resource-based activities, e.g. LabourNet, set up in 2005, is an innovative social enterprise that is leveraging the capacity of informal sector micro and small entrepreneurs (MSEs) to provide a technology-enabled labour exchange for matching demand and supply. cultivation, … Therefore, at this stage it is difficult to make any policy suggestions A holistic approach integrating the need of the stakeholders with sustainable livelihood strategy analysis can be a possible approach to resolve the problems of mining sustainable issues on a long term basis. A livelihoods approach to food security assessments considers the impact of coping strategies on people's ability to maintain their livelihoods, including the impact of a shock on assets. Basic Livelihoods Training Module under ASRLM Page 7 goals (e.g. Alternative livelihood strategies built on strong rural–urban connectivity (e.g., Andersson, 2001) and farmers’ adaptive capacity to perceived environmental changes (e.g., Enfors et al., 2008) play also a major role in the resilience of these systems. The projects work in sync with government development programmes and facilitate linkages to public services and schemes for the project beneficiaries. The objectives of this study were to investigate the challenges (constraining environments) the groups in Tembisa were facing, using participatory assessment techniques such as problem and wealth ranking. Migrant agricultural workers are particularly vulnerable, because they face risks in their transport, working and living conditions and struggle to access support measures put in place by governments. Livelihood as a concept for research and development thus includes what people do (given their resources and assets) and what they achieve … (One of the many problems of development is that projects … Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Vulnerability context. Livelihood generation refers to the bundle of activities that people undertake to provide for their basic needs (or surpass them). The strategy takes a short to medium term view of actions which will enable affected Syrian households to protect, sustain and re … Livelihood Strategies. A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets in … However, rather than looking at using the ‘five capitals’ approach to assets, it distin-guishes between assets, capabilities and activities. The strategy and programme also stressed the interdependence between participative economic growth and social … livelihood strategies enables farm households to have better incomes, enhance food security, and increase agri-cultural production by smoothing capital constraints and help coping with environmental stresses [4, 11, 12] 3, Farm households that engage in highly productive non-farm activities typically enjoy upward mobility in earning [3, 13]stribution of income and wealth status play crucial role in … Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. The need to look at livelihood strategies at the household level inevitably poses a problem about how to generalize the learning obtained from individual household livelihood profiles. 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