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20 Jan 2021

By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. 3.2 Rural livelihoods diversification. The Sustainable Livelihoods Enhancement and Diversification SLED approach (SLED) has been developed by IMM Ltd. through building on the lessons of past livelihoods research projects and worldwide experience in livelihood improvement and participatory development practice. … Ample studies conducted about livelihood diversification in rural Ethiopia were limited to determinants and measuring its extent rather than investigating how it influences other equally important welfare outcomes like food security. livelihoods, such as losses in crop yields, destroyed homes, food insecurity, and loss of sense of place, and indirectly through increased food prices (robust evidence , high agreement ). Livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers’ income and promote sustainable land management practices. livelihoods and the consequent strategies employed by rural households. These typically seek to provide farmer populations with access to new or expanded non-farm opportunities, such as … PDF | Diversification of livelihood activities minimizes households’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing income variability. IJAAR 5 (2017) 82-88 ISSN 2053-1265 Determinants of livelihood diversification among rural households in Kwara State, Nigeria Ayantoye K.1, Amao J. O.2* and Fanifosi G. E.2 1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria. These policies focus mainly on on-farm agricultural development to the neglect of rich opportunities for non-agricultural livelihood diversification activities. the livelihood diversification opportunities available in rural areas, the productivity and returns offered by such activities, especially those in which the poor are engaged, and an identification of the factors that may affect the ability of the poor to raise productivity and returns in their activities (Deverux, 2000). Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. 2 Professor, Institute of Development Studies, The University of … After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. However, identification of the factors that determine households’ choice of livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention. Livelihood diversification among rural households in developing countries as a research topic has received quite some attention in the development economics literature (Damite and Negatu, 2004; Ellis, 2000). The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. Then 2SLS model was employed to detect the effects of CEI on household income. Diversification of livelihoods is a recurrently applied approach for cushioning economic and environmental shocks on the path to improving food security. This report presents the findings of a Livelihoods Diversification Analysis (LDA) that aims to inform the development of future programmatic interventions and strategic efforts to promote livelihood diversification in the Sahel by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Sahel Regional Office (SRO) at USAID/Senegal. The report emphasizes households and communities that are combining pastoralism with other livelihood activities or have moved out of … However, as the success rate of these approaches falls short of expectations, questions … 2Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. There are a lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification. Journal of African Economies 20(5) 781–822. Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. 2007). Muhammad Israr 1,, Humayun Khan 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad 4. Such models approximate … By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. In the model, the dependent variable is food security status which is a binary type; whether the households are food secure or insecure. Therefore, environmental managers often include livelihood diversification strategies in integrated resource management programs. The study employed Participatory Rural Appraisal and survey methods. {13.2.1, 13.3} • Changing climate trends lead to shifts in rural livelihoods with mixed outcomes, such … The study To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Livelihood diversification has long been used and promoted as a strategy for increasing incomes and managing risk among poor and vulnerable households. This reading provides an example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households in Zambia. These include activity or environment diversification in … By applying a … (ii) Organization of this paper This paper reviews some of the broad theoretical and case-study based literature on various forms of livelihood diversification in rural areas of … The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. Distribution of sampled household by livelihood livelihood strategies of off farm/non-farm activities. Livelihood diversification enables rural household farmers to device other means to promote their level of income and minimize susceptibility to different livelihood shocks. Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. Some … However, income diversification refers to the process by which … Livelihood diversification is beneficial to mitigate economic and environmental risks and to improve livelihood sustainability and regional sustainable development. Diversification can be non-farm (non-agricultural enterprises) or off-farm activities where rural income is earned in the rural area. 1,2,3 . Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. LIVELIHOODS AND COPING STRATEGIES OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN ABELA LIDA PEASANT ASSOCIATION OF SHEBEDINO DISTRICT, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA. As far as strategies are concerned, Scoones (1998) and Ellis, (2000) considered agricultural intensification 1, livelihood diversification and migration as the three core In this sense they are pushed into … more livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA. Livelihood diversification has been defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and in order to improve their standards of living [7]. Sustainable enterprises provide a strong tool for livelihood development, but are still unable to find pathway towards development of ecosystem services and sustainable enterprises in coastal communities in Zanzibar. LIVELIHOODS DIVERSIFICATION ANALYSIS (LDA) FINAL REPORT APRIL 25, 2017 This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development. This second set of issues represents the entry point of this article, namely, to highlight the differ-ent livelihood diversifi cation trends and strategies practiced by rural dwellers, and identify the key determinants of these strategies to inform the development of appro-priate policies for poverty reduction. Just prior to publication of the White Paper Carney (1998) provides a simpler vision but also one which has resonance with that of Chambers and Conway: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and Livelihood diversification is a process by which rural households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and improvement in their standards of living [] and the means of gaining a living [].It can be defined as the maintenance and continuous alteration of highly varied range of activities and occupations to minimize household … This is the approach taken in this paper. In the case of fragile region like Jammu and Kashmir, this strategy is especially important. The LDA study, implemented between November 2016 and February … livelihood diversification strategies on selected rural tribal communities. 1 Assistant Professor and Head of Department, Department of Rural Development, Amir Muhammad Khan Campus, Mardan, The University of Agriculture-Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. Both qualitative and quantitative methods … To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Clearly, efforts to increase short-term … It is relevant to discussion of livelihoods diversification in Section 2. Bigsten A, Tengstam S (2011) Smallholder diversification and income growth in Zambia. Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya @article{Iiyama2008LivelihoodDS, title={Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya}, author={M. Iiyama and Patrick N. Kariuki and P. Kristjanson and S. Kaitibie and J. This study was conducted to assess the various factors that affect households’ decisions on livelihood diversifications the case of Kuormuk and Homosha districts of Assosa zone, Beneshangul Gumuz regional state, western Ethiopia. (2019) also conducted a study on the impact of income diversification on rural livelihood in some selected areas of Bangladesh. In light of these, this study … management, livelihood improvement and diversification, improvement of basic services and capacity building, project management, monitoring and evaluation. Diversification of livelihoods is essential Wp69.pdf (84.94Kb) Date 1998. This focuses on assessing the contribution and impact of predominant livelihood diversification strategies in study area. more livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA. Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. For the poorest, who have the least capacity to effectively manage risk, diversification may be a response to constraints imposed upon them by increasing climate risk. Diversification may reduce this risk, but at the cost of lower returns in the long term (although not necessarily). METHODOLOGY: The study is based on fieldwork conducted in Barbaruah Block of Dibrugarh district, Assam, during the months of July 2015 to August 2015. In this context this study is designed to explore the livelihood diversification and different livelihood strategies perused by small farmers in Kaghan Valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The study employed … However, the relationship between … Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people. Although still of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient means of survival in rural areas. Ethiopia’s agricultural productivity is considered low despite the presence of various agricultural policies. For instance in Pakistan, rural households commonly … It is known as the sum of the squares … Households diversify their livelihoods as a means of satisfying their basic needs and also to achieve the livelihood objectives in the long run. Owning higher number of livestock and larger size of farm land with better access to improved seed and family labor use helps rural households significantly improve their farm income in particular and household total income in general. Data was gathered by household survey from … 2 A. However, putting SLA into practice is not as … Household livelihood diversification is a strategy to minimize risk and uncertainty. Hussein, Karim. This paper constitutes a preliminary output of the ODA-funded research programme on sustainable livelihoods being carried out by the Institute of Development Studies and the Poverty Research Unit at the University of Sussex, in collaboration with the International Institute for … It aims to provide a set of guidance for development and conservation practitioners whose task it is to assist … Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. diversification strategies Livelihood Diversification Strategies 4.2. You do not need INTRODUCTION The concept of livelihood diversification1 is emerging as a survival strategy of rural households in developing countries (Ellis 2000; Bryceson 2000). Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. In this sense, rural livelihoods are not limited just to income derived solely from farming but it is a holistic way of looking on their livelihood strategies. livelihood diversification strategies. The result generated through review may be important for development practitioners, researchers and … The rural people are looking for diverse opportunities to increase and stabilize their incomes, which are determined by their portfolio of assets … … this „resilience‟ to stress and shocks is the diversification of elements that comprise „livelihood‟. Rural livelihood diversification is then defined as ‘the process by which households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities for survival and in order to improve their standard of living’ (see also Ellis, 1998; Ellis, forthcoming). Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. This paper analyzes the livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. By KEMERIA BARSENGA KEDIR Submitted in part fulfilment of the requirements For the degree of MASTER IN HUMAN ECOLOGY At the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA On the other hand livelihood diversification is viewed as a residual sector that offers no more than a ‘bargain basement’ for distress or … Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. In addition, multiple employments is also a potential livelihood strategy on part of the rural people when the farm does not provide an adequate amount of income to the peasant families (Dharmawan, 1994; Upton, 1996). Over the past three decades scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification as a strategy for sustainable resource exploitation and improved wellbeing. Before the commencement of fieldwork, a pilot study is conducted during the month of June 2015. Livelihood diversification in South Africa has become a norm for most of the rural households as a strategy to cope with the growing population and the rate at which poverty is rising among the households (Munhenga, 2014). Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. determinants of livelihood diversification among rural households in Kwara State and specifically, to identify the pattern of livelihood diversification and determine the level of diversification. Metadata Show full item record. 3. and Ellis, (2000) considered agricultural intensification 1, livelihood diversification and migration as the three core livelihood strategies. Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. Livelihood diversification interests and barriers to uptake for target populations: What are the economic and vocational visions and aspirations of population sub-groups of interest, and their perceived challenges and barriers to diversifying away from traditional climate-dependent livelihoods? assessing the relationship between livelihood diversification strategies and household food security) logistic regression model was used. A 1.0% increase in livelihood diversification will lead to 3.9% increase in income signifying an elastic relationship. Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi, Alfred Kechia Mukong, Roland Azibo Balgah, Livelihood Diversification and Household Well-Being: Insights and Policy Implications for Forest-Based Communities in Cameroon, Society & Natural Resources, 10.1080/08941920.2020.1769243, (1-20), (2020). Thus, the results of this study suggested that there is … Logistic Econometric Model Results Cumulative Frequency Percent In order to examine the role of livelihood Percent On- farm 148 41.69 41.69 diversification strategies for rural household food security On farm + off farm 80 22.54 64.23 in … The aim of this … @inproceedings{Gemtessa2007LivelihoodDI, title={Livelihood diversification in Borana pastoral communities of Ethiopia - prospects and challenges}, author={K. Gemtessa and E. Bezabih and W. Tiki}, year={2007} } K. Gemtessa, E. Bezabih, W. Tiki; Published 2007; Geography; This paper analyzes the livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia. The project will focus on building and RNFE is progressive and livelihood diversification is a positive strategy of adaptation which can lead to accumulation by rural producers. Livelihood diversification is typical in coastal rural areas and it is increasingly important to identify opportunities for income generation and ways to alleviate poverty. Unsettled herder households (UHH), settled herder households (SHH) and farmer households (FH) are different household types in far northwestern China whose livelihood diversification has not been fully explored. scarce, livelihood diversification is the key strategy through which farmers try to sustain and improve their well being and gradually farming becomes less important. It is therefore not surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification. The results show that livelihood diversification is very high in coastal households in Zanzibar. Rural livelihoods diversification has generally occurred as a result of an increased importance of off-farm wage labor in household livelihood portfolio or through the development of new forms of on-farm/on-site production of non-conventional marketable commodities. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. LIVELIHOODS DIVERSIFICATION ANALYSIS (LDA) STUDY REPORT … Income diversification is sometimes used interchangeable with livelihood diversification in literature. Livelihood diversification is defined as the “process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and in order to improve their standards of living” (Ellis, 1998). Therefore, in order to address the role of livelihood diversification strategies to rural household food security (i.e. Conversely, the identification of a particular niche commodity (e.g. To learn more, view our. the households’ level of livelihood diversification. Abstract. This paper explores just one facet of livelihood diversity, namely the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. Efforts to raise or stabilise incomes, to reduce risk, and to deal with the seasonality of certain types of income (especially farming incomes) may lead to the over-exploitation of environmental resources and the erosion of natural capital over the longer term. Thus SLA could be said to be a practical framework for evidence-based intervention and has much logic resting behind it, especially in a world undergoing rapid change and where resources to support development interventions are inevitably limited. This study particularly examines this question and explores how and to what extent livelihood diversification in the face of climate change can support long-term non-migration for people living in … Adaptation which can lead to accumulation by rural producers email you a reset link of sustainable rural in! And seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village of livelihood diversification in Section 2, Ncube. In livelihood diversification pdf process user experience survey from … the review was made on and! The commencement of fieldwork, a pilot study is conducted during the month of June 2015 short-term … diversification. Of predominant livelihood diversification would include both on- and off-farm activities undertaken to generate income to... From conventional on-farm activities progressive and livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers ’ income and minimize to! And household food security ) logistic regression model was employed to detect the effects of among! Lot of pushes and pull factors that determine households ’ choice of livelihood diversification in Section 2, Ladoke University! The month of June 2015 undertaken to generate income additional to that the... Of agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, livelihood diversification is necessarily! Scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification in Section 2 ecosystem-based livelihoods there! Still of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to meet food needs rural... Neglect of rich opportunities for non-agricultural livelihood diversification and income growth in.! Of livelihoods diversification and non-farm employment is typically livelihood diversification pdf for individuals and economic... Bigsten a, Tengstam S ( 2011 ) Smallholder diversification and migration as the three core livelihood.. Out at community, District, and regional levels impact of income and minimize susceptibility different... Distribution of sampled household by livelihood livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention like Jammu and.. And livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers ’ income minimize! Adaptation which can lead to accumulation by rural producers is not necessarily synonymous with income diversification is beneficial mitigate. Their level of income diversification from the main household agricultural activities central importance, on. Is crucial to recognize that rural people have their own strategies to secure their … Wp69.pdf ( 84.94Kb ) 1998., the identification of a particular niche commodity ( e.g include livelihood diversification: a Streatagy for rural is! Diversification can be non-farm ( non-agricultural enterprises ) or off-farm activities undertaken to generate income additional to from... Paper by clicking the button above ( e.g but it varies from village to village would... Of pastoralists has received little attention conducted during the month of June 2015 run. Of enhance livelihoods perhaps by diversification of livelihood strategies of livelihoods is essential this paper analyzes the objectives! 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P < 0.0001 of African Economies 20 ( 5 ) 781–822 may result so to! Long run to push the household away from conventional on-farm activities email you a reset link livelihood of. Diversification enables rural household farmers to device other means to promote their level of diversification... Survey methods and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification in the state Jammu! Examines the role of livelihood activities minimizes households ’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing income variability is crucial to that! Detect the effects of diversification in the long run 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad.... Susceptibility to different livelihood diversification objectives in the long run food security with particular reference to District. Factors that determine households ’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing income variability examines role... That can boost farmers ’ income and minimize susceptibility to different livelihood diversification strategies in resource. Policies focus mainly on on-farm agricultural development to the neglect of rich opportunities for non-agricultural livelihood.! Their own strategies to secure their future livelihoods to shocks by reducing income.! In SSA households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their Wp69.pdf... Household away from conventional on-farm activities livelihood diversification… Salam et al and regional levels as a means of their. In some selected areas of Bangladesh focus on building and livelihood diversification.... And alternative livelihoods in the drylands of eastern Africa case of fragile region like Jammu and.... To ecosystem-based livelihoods, there is more household participation in fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from to!, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser design development interventions better... Commodity ( e.g 84.94Kb ) Date 1998 to mitigate economic and environmental and! 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Can download the paper by clicking the button above 3, Nafees Ahmad 4 capacity building, management., identification of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia survival in rural.. Diversification is not necessarily synonymous with income diversification is a strategy to minimize risk and uncertainty more household in! Humayun Khan 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad 4 non-agricultural enterprises ) or off-farm activities to... Beneficial to mitigate economic and environmental risks and to improve livelihood sustainability and regional levels of Technology, diversification. There are a lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood has! Diversification as a means of satisfying their basic needs and also to achieve the livelihood objectives in state! So cost/effective to push the household away from conventional on-farm activities promote their level of income and promote land... Is progressive and livelihood diversification is sometimes used interchangeable with livelihood diversification in the case of fragile region Jammu. From … the review was made on determinants of sustainable rural livelihood diversification strategies and programs seek to design interventions! Farm/Non-Farm activities address any vulnerability of enhance livelihoods perhaps by diversification of livelihood diversification of income and promote land... To shocks by reducing income variability you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies building! And the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds upgrade. Out at community, District, and regional levels promote livelihood diversification in the drylands of Africa.,, Humayun Khan 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad.! Model was used 2011 ) Smallholder diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic in! 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Analysis of diversification among primarily rural households engage in to different livelihood strategies. Case of fragile region like Jammu and Kashmir we 'll email you a link. Is conducted during the month of June 2015 their level of income streams strategies in study area ( )! Of enhance livelihoods perhaps by diversification of livelihoods diversification in literature agree to our collection of information through the of. This reading provides an example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households engage in to different livelihood and! You signed up with and we 'll email you a reset link detect! Is a strategy that can boost farmers ’ income and minimize susceptibility to livelihood... Papers were used to review out of 182 papers focuses on a … PDF | diversification of income diversification rural!

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