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20 Jan 2021

Contributions were made by a number of other countries to the project: Preservation work for Mohenjo-daro was suspended in December 1996 after funding from the Pakistani government and international organizations stopped. For the 2016 Bollywood film, see. However, Jonathan Mark Kenoyer noted the complete lack of evidence for grain at the "granary", which, he argued, might therefore be better termed a "Great Hall" of uncertain function. The drainage system was one of the most remarkable features of the Mature Harappan city. [23] This number is unheard of when compared to other civilizations at the time, such as Egypt or Mesopotamia, and the quantity of wells transcribes as one well for every three houses. [citation needed]. Streets met at nearly perfect right angles. Share This! The most expected Oriental Dance Contest by those girls that know how to express art through their bodies and their souls You can’t los… ... short, note, indus-civilization. Ayant subi peu de dégradations modernes, son état de conservation est meilleur que celui d'Harappâ, et par suite, c'est une importante source d'information… Among the fragments of sculpture found at Mohenjo—daro is a male bust carved of a whitish limestone originally inlaid with a red paste. It was a huge rectangular tank with a flight of steps on the northern and southern sides , leading to the bottom of the tank. [26] Sewage and waste water for buildings at the site were disposed of via a centralized drainage system that ran alongside the site's streets. Sir Mortimer Wheeler was especially fascinated with this artifact, which he believed to be at least 4,500 years old. The city was built around 2600 BC. ", John Marshall, another archeologist at Mohenjo-daro, described the figure as "a young girl, her hand on her hip in a half-impudent posture, and legs slightly forward as she beats time to the music with her legs and feet. 2 Min Read. Most settlements were situated in the alluvial plains where the most common building materials were mud-bricks and kiln-fired-bricks, wood and reeds. Dancing Girl is well-regarded as a work of art, and is a cultural artefact of the Indus Valley Civilisation. VIDEOS. Many walls have already collapsed, while others are crumbling from the ground up. ", Sanitation of the Indus Valley Civilization, United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Pakistan, Mohenjo-Daro (archaeological site, Pakistan) on Encyclopedia Britannica website, "Mohenjo-Daro: An Ancient Indus Valley Metropolis", "Mohenjo Daro: Could this ancient city be lost forever? [20] According to a theory first advanced by Wheeler, the city could have been flooded and silted over, perhaps six times, and later rebuilt in the same location. Geographical extent, town planning, religion, trade, art and script of Harappan people [31], Numerous objects found in excavation include seated and standing figures, copper and stone tools, carved seals, balance-scales and weights, gold and jasper jewellery, and children's toys. Below the granary were brick loading bays. What are the peculiar features discovered by the archaeologists in Mohenjo- Daro are equally discovered in South India. 2000 words essay on India for essay writing competition. Il est situé au Pakistan à 300 km au nord-nord-est de Karâchi. Some buildings had two stories. A nationwide outlook enables us to conclude that the Indus valley civilization was a pan- Indian civilization. Share with your friends. [citation needed]. [41] In 1973, British archaeologist Mortimer Wheeler described the item as his favorite statuette: "She's about fifteen years old I should think, not more, but she stands there with bangles all the way up her arm and nothing else on. The figurine is a naturalistic free-standing sculpture of a nude woman, with small breasts, narrow hips, long legs and arms, and a short torso. He wears an armband, and a cloak with drilled trefoil, single circle and double circle motifs, which show traces of red. It is situated on a Pleistocene ridge in the middle of the flood plain of the Indus River Valley, around 28 kilometres (17 mi) from the town of Larkana. Dancing Girl is a prehistoric bronze sculpture made in lost-wax casting about c. 2300-1750 BCE in the Indus Valley Civilisation city of Mohenjo-daro (in modern-day Pakistan), which was one of the earliest cities. Mohenjo-daro is located west of the Indus River in Larkana District, Sindh, Pakistan, in a central position between the Indus River and the Ghaggar-Hakra River. Second International Symposium on Mohenjo-daro, 24–27 February 1992. [46][47] The festival was held by PPP at the historic site, despite all the protest by both national and international historians and educators. Although the general Upper and Lower town division of Harappan cities is understood to be the norm, this has proven to not be the case as large public areas, markets, … Certain wall-divisions in its massive wooden superstructure appeared to be grain storage-bays, complete with air-ducts to dry the grain. Based on his analysis of a Mohenjo-daro seal, Iravatham Mahadevan speculates that the city's ancient name could have been Kukkutarma ("the city [-rma] of the cockerel [kukkuta]"). The Citadel – a mud-brick mound around 12 metres (39 ft) high – is known to have supported public baths, a large residential structure designed to house about 5,000 citizens, and two large assembly halls. From a colonnaded courtyard, steps lead down to the brick-built pool, which was waterproofed by a lining of bitumen. According to Wheeler, carts would have brought grain from the countryside and unloaded them directly into the bays. The statue led to two important discoveries about the civilization: first, that they knew metal blending, casting and other sophisticated methods of working with ore, and secondly that entertainment, especially dance, was part of the culture. Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa are two ancient cities located on the banks of the Indus and its tributary the Ravi River in the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent. Bitumen and Gypsum were Each strand has between 220 and 230 of the many-faceted nuggets, and there are about 1,600 nuggets in total. Most houses had inner courtyards, with doors that opened onto side-lanes. 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